New Psychoactive Substance (NPS)


nps

What Is New Psychoactive Substance (NPS)?

New Psychoactive Substances (NPS) were listed as Class A controlled drugs in the First Schedule of the Misuse of Drugs Act on 1 May 2014.

Also known as

  • Spice, K2, Bath Salts, Kronic, Bromo-Dragonfly

Description

  • NPS are substances of abuse, either in a pure form or a preparation, that are not controlled by international drug conventions, but which may pose a public health threat
  • An umbrella term for unregulated (new) psychoactive substances or products intended to mimic the effects of controlled drugs.
  • Includes Mephedroneand BZP and TFMPP
  • No known medical or industrial use

 

What Are The Effects of New Psychoactive Substance (NPS)?

Negative effects

NPS have unknown, dangerous toxicology effects and are as addictive and harmful as controlled drugs. Abuse can lead to

  • Severe intoxications1
  • Severe toxic reaction leading to death2
  • Paranoia3
  • Hallucinations4,5
  • Adverse cardiovascular problems6
  • Renal failure7
  • Seizures8,9

 

What Are The Penalties of Possession or Consumption of New Psychoactive Substance (NPS)?

Penalties

Possession or consumption of NPS:

  • Up to 10 years of imprisonment, or $20,000 fine, or BOTH.

 

Illegal traffic, manufacture, import or export of NPS:

  • Minimum of 5 years of imprisonment with 5 strokes of the cane.
  • Re-offenders – those found supplying to young and vulnerable persons, or recruiting these persons to commit a drug offence will be liable for enhanced punishment for drug trafficking.

References

1,2 UNODC leaflet on NPS.
3 US Department of Justice, Drug Enforcement Administration “Drugs of Abuse”, 2011 report
4 The Challenge of NPS, UNODC Global Smart Programme 2013
5 US Department of Justice, Drug Enforcement Administration “Drugs of Abuse”, 2011 report
6 The Challenge of NPS, UNODC Global Smart Programme 2013
7 The Challenge of NPS, UNODC Global Smart Programme 2013
8 Perspectives on drugs – Synthetic cannabinoids in Europe, by European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction
9 The Challenge of NPS, UNODC Global Smart Programme 2013

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