How do I do exercise to heal my meniscus?
- Quad sets.
- Straight-leg raise to the front.
- Straight-leg raise to the back.
- Hamstring curls.
- Heel raises.
- Heel dig bridging.
- Shallow standing knee bends.
- 1 What is the best exercise for a torn meniscus?
- 2 How long does it take for a torn meniscus to heal without surgery?
- 3 Can a torn meniscus heal on its own?
- 4 Is walking good for torn meniscus?
- 5 Will a knee brace help a torn meniscus?
- 6 What activities should you avoid with a torn meniscus?
- 7 Should you stay off a torn meniscus?
- 8 What happens if you don’t repair a torn meniscus?
- 9 Why is my meniscus tear not healing?
- 10 Does a torn meniscus hurt all the time?
- 11 Why does meniscus tear hurt at night?
- 12 How do you fix a torn meniscus without surgery?
- 13 What aggravates a torn meniscus?
- 14 Can you put weight on a torn meniscus?
- 15 Meniscus Tear: Rehabilitation Exercises
- 16 Do I Need Physical Therapy (PT) for a Meniscus Tear?
- 17 Can I Do PT Instead of Surgery?
- 18 What Will It Be Like?
- 19 How Long Will I Need to Do PT?
- 20 9 meniscus tear exercises to improve strength and reduce pain
- 21 Meniscus Tears: 8 Exercises to Try
- 21.1 1. Quadriceps setting
- 21.2 2. Mini-squats
- 21.3 3. Straight leg raise
- 21.4 4. Hamstring heel digs
- 21.5 5. Leg extensions
- 21.6 6. Standing heel raises
- 21.7 7. Clams
- 21.8 8. Hamstring curls
- 21.9 Acute trauma
- 21.10 Degenerative tear
- 21.11 Differing treatment
- 22 PT Exercises to Rehab Your Knee After a Meniscus Injury
- 23 Torn meniscus – Diagnosis and treatment
- 24 Treatment
- 25 Lifestyle and home remedies
- 26 Preparing for your appointment
- 27 Torn Meniscus: Causes, Symptoms, Treatments, Prevention & Outlook
- 28 Symptoms and Causes
- 29 Diagnosis and Tests
- 30 Management and Treatment
- 31 Prevention
- 32 Outlook / Prognosis
- 33 Living With
- 34 Torn Knee Meniscus Exercises – Mobility, Strengthening & Sports Specific
- 35 Introduction to meniscus tear rehabilitation exercises
- 36 Mobility exercises
- 37 Strengthening exercises for
- 38 Balance board exercises
- 39 Plyometric exercises
- 40 Agility drills
- 41 Torn Meniscus
- 42 Basics of torn meniscus-torn knee cartilage
- 43 Surgical Animation
- 44 Symptoms
- 45 Causes
- 46 Diagnosis
- 46.1 Diagnostic tests
- 46.2 Health care team
- 46.3 Finding a doctor
- 46.4 Torn Meniscus Image Gallery
- 46.5 Treatment for non-locking torn meniscus
- 46.6 Self-management
- 46.7 Exercise and therapy
- 46.8 Medications
- 46.9 Joint aspiration
- 46.10 Splints or braces
- 46.11 Strategies for coping
- 46.12 Adaptive aids
- 46.13 Surgery
- 46.14 Surgery for traumatic meniscal tear
- 46.15 Surgery for degenerative meniscal tear with osteoarthritis
- 47 Resources
- 48 Research
- 49 Summary of torn meniscus-torn knee cartilage
- 50 Sports Medicine Locations
What is the best exercise for a torn meniscus?
Once you have your doctor’s approval to begin exercising, try some of these exercises to enhance your strength and stability following a meniscus tear.
- Quadriceps setting.
- Straight leg raise.
- Hamstring heel digs.
- Leg extensions.
- Standing heel raises.
- Hamstring curls.
How long does it take for a torn meniscus to heal without surgery?
Meniscus tears are the most frequently treated knee injuries. Recovery will take about 6 to 8 weeks if your meniscus tear is treated conservatively, without surgery. If your symptoms persist after 3 months or your symptoms become significant, your doctor may recommend surgery to repair the tear.
Can a torn meniscus heal on its own?
If your tear is on the outer one-third of the meniscus, it may heal on its own or be repaired surgically. This is because this area has rich blood supply and blood cells can regenerate meniscus tissue — or help it heal after surgical repair.
Is walking good for torn meniscus?
Can you walk on a torn meniscus? Whether you can walk on a torn meniscus will depend on the injury’s location and severity — and perhaps also your own personal tolerance for pain. A slight tear might not feel so bad to you. You may very well be able to stand and walk on a leg that has a torn meniscus in the knee.
Will a knee brace help a torn meniscus?
Yes. Although knee braces do not heal or treat your meniscus tear directly, they can provide extra support and stability for your knee while your meniscus injury heals. A good brace will protect your knee and take the pressure off your meniscus, allowing it to rest.
What activities should you avoid with a torn meniscus?
The only way to prevent and avoid a torn meniscus is to avoid activities that cause the knees to twist, bend, or rotate in an extreme fashion. If a person cannot avoid these activities, they should take as much care as possible while participating in them.
Should you stay off a torn meniscus?
Rest. You should stay off your feet until your meniscus tear is healed. Don’t walk, run, or play sports because this can make your injury worse.
What happens if you don’t repair a torn meniscus?
An untreated meniscus tear can result in the frayed edge getting caught in the joint, causing pain and swelling. It can also result in long term knee problems such as arthritis and other soft tissue damage.
Why is my meniscus tear not healing?
A tear on the inner two-thirds of the meniscus that won’t heal on its own because the area lacks blood flow to stimulate the immune system response. A tear that gives you a lot of pain or impairs use of your knee may require surgery to remove or repair the torn part of the meniscus.
Does a torn meniscus hurt all the time?
Do all meniscus tears hurt? Yes, at some point in time most all meniscus tears will hurt. But that doesn’t mean they will hurt for a long time. In many cases the pain from a meniscus tear will either improve significantly or go away without surgery.
Why does meniscus tear hurt at night?
There are a couple of reasons why your knee pain is worse at night: Pain is perceived to be worse at nighttime. As you climb into bed and start to quiet your mind pain becomes more pronounced than when you were active during the day distracted by your activities. An active day may cause your knee joint to swell.
How do you fix a torn meniscus without surgery?
Nonsurgical Treatment for a Meniscus Tear
- Rest. Some meniscus tears improve over time with rest, activity restriction, and keeping the knee and leg elevated when possible.
- Ice. Using a cold compress or ice pack can help to reduce swelling and pain in the knee.
- PRP Therapy (Injection Therapy)
What aggravates a torn meniscus?
Performing activities that involve aggressive twisting and pivoting of the knee puts you at risk of a torn meniscus. The risk is particularly high for athletes — especially those who participate in contact sports, such as football, or activities that involve pivoting, such as tennis or basketball.
Can you put weight on a torn meniscus?
Many individuals are still capable of putting weight on the affected knee and even walking normally after a meniscus injury. In fact, many athletes can even continue playing after a meniscus injury.
Meniscus Tear: Rehabilitation Exercises
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Do I Need Physical Therapy (PT) for a Meniscus Tear?
If you have just discovered that the pain and swelling in yourknee is caused by a torn meniscus, you will most likely need to make a decision about how to treat it. What’s ideal for you will depend on the severity of the tear, your age, and how quickly you want to return to your typical activities thereafter. In each knee, you have two menisci (that’s the plural form of the word meniscus). They’re formed of cartilage, which is a durable, rubbery material. They’re essentially shock absorbers that prevent your thighbone in the upper leg from slamming into your shinbone in the lower leg when you’re running.
Following that, you may require physical therapy (PT), surgery, or a combination of the two.
Can I Do PT Instead of Surgery?
Physical therapy is frequently used as part of what doctors refer to as “conservative treatment” in order to prevent surgery, at least in the early stages. People who are middle-aged or who have osteoarthritis are more likely to rupture their meniscus simply because it has become worn down over time. Physical therapy may be just as helpful as surgery in some cases. Even if you’re younger, more physically strong, and more athletic, taking a conservative approach is frequently a smart place to begin your journey.
However, if the injury causes your knee to become locked, you will almost certainly require surgery.
If you’re a top-level athlete or are unable to work as a result of your injuries, you may not have the luxury of testing if a cautious strategy is effective.
Even if you undergo surgery, you will require physical therapy afterward. A physical therapist may be recommended by your doctor, but at the absolute least you will receive PT exercises to complete at home. This will assist you in restoring complete health to your knee.
What Will It Be Like?
Whether you are doing physical therapy as part of a conservative treatment plan or to recover from surgery, the aim is the same: to regain your range of motion, strength, and control.The PT procedure is often broken down as follows:
- Exercises that focus on range of motion, such as flexing and extending your knee as far as you can without pain, are the first to be attempted. Afterwards, you perform exercises to maintain your leg muscles free. You begin with fundamental exercises such as straight leg lifts and toe raises. If you are able to complete all of these exercises without experiencing discomfort, you can on to more complex activities such as toe lifts with weights, squats, and more difficult stretches.
Those are the main stages, but depending on your requirements and abilities, they can blend together into one another. Rather than waiting until later, you might begin stretching and simple exercises sooner rather than later. Take into consideration the fact that now is not the time to persuade yourself that “no pain, no gain.” Because your primary goal is to recuperate, you should refrain from beginning more difficult exercises until you are confident that you can perform the fundamentals without being injured.
How Long Will I Need to Do PT?
How long it takes to recover depends on your age, the type of tear and the sort of surgery you underwent if it was necessary. Physical therapy (PT) will most likely be used as part of a conservative treatment plan for 4 to 6 weeks on a regular basis. Additionally, you must consistently exercise at home in the manner that you have been instructed. If it doesn’t work, it could be necessary to have surgery. You should expect to be out of commission for three to six weeks following surgery to remove a portion of the meniscus.
9 meniscus tear exercises to improve strength and reduce pain
Exercise that is too strenuous can tear the meniscus, a layer of cartilage in the knee, and some mild activities may be beneficial in the rehabilitation process. Meniscus tears are fairly prevalent; according to studies, around 61 out of every 100,000 persons in the United States suffer from this health problem. We’ll take a closer look at this issue and detail nine workouts that can help strengthen and restore the atorn meniscus in the section below. Before experimenting with them, speak with your doctor.
It is beneficial in the following ways:
- In order for the knee joint to function properly, it must fit together correctly, absorb shock from walking and other activities, and offer stability to the knee.
A tear can occur as a consequence of excessive strain, which might occur as a result of activity. Among the most common signs and symptoms are: This type of injury is more prevalent in military members on active duty as well as other persons who engage in a lot of physical activity. Males over the age of 40 are at a greater risk of developing prostate cancer.
Meniscus rips that are not too serious can heal in 4–8 weeks. Others may require surgery, which might take as long as six months to complete. Gentle exercises may be recommended by doctors for those who have less severe tears. It is common for these workouts to produce some discomfort at the beginning. If any workout causes you discomfort, however, you should stop performing it immediately.
1. Mini squats
Exercises such as mini squats can assist to develop the quadriceps, which are big muscles located at the front of the leg, without putting undue strain on the knees. Mini squats should be performed as follows:
- Holding yourself up against a wall, with your back, shoulders, and head against the wall
- Ideally, the feet should be shoulder width apart and approximately one foot apart from the wall
- Knees should be slightly bowed, buttocks should be brought closer to the ground Stop when you reach around 15 degrees of the bend. Hold the posture for 10 seconds, then gently raise the body back up to the beginning position, keeping the back and shoulders on the wall
- Repeat the process. Carry out two sets of 8–10 repetitions on each side. Each set should be followed by a 30 second to 1 minute rest period.
The importance of keeping the back and shoulders against the wall cannot be overstated, since this decreases stress on the knees.
2. Quadriceps setting
This is an isometric workout, which means that it works the muscles while maintaining the body in a static posture. To execute the quadriceps setup, follow these steps:
- Take a seat or lie down on the ground with your legs stretched out from your body. Quadriceps contraction: contract the quadriceps and use them to drive the backs of the knees toward the ground. Hold this posture for 10–20 seconds
- Then change positions. Perform two sets of ten contractions, with a 30-second to 1-minute break in between each set.
3. Straight leg raise
This workout stretches and strengthens the hamstrings as well as the quadriceps. Straight leg lifts should be performed as follows:
- Lie down on the floor with your left foot flat on the ground and your right leg outstretched
- Maintaining a neutral spine and pelvis, flex the right foot and contract the right thigh muscles, gently raising the right leg off the floor
- Repeat on the other side. Gradually drop the right leg back down to the floor once it has been raised up to approximately 45 degrees. Perform two sets of ten repetitions on the right leg before switching to the left leg.
4. Prone hang
This exercise is designed to enhance the range of motion in the knee. To accomplish the prone hang, follow these steps:
- Spread your legs over the side of a bed and lie facedown on your stomach. Relax and let gravity to gradually draw the left knee down until it is fully stretched. For 15–30 seconds, keep the left knee in this posture before bringing it back up. Repeat this three times, and then repeat the process for the right knee.
5. Hamstring curls
The hamstrings, which are the muscles in the backs of the thighs, are strengthened by performing this exercise. To execute hamstring curls, follow these steps:
- Lie down on your stomach, keeping your legs as straight as possible
- Slowly bending the right knee and elevating the right foot toward the buttocks is the goal. Slowly bring the right foot down
- Perform two sets of 8–10 repetitions each, with a 30-second break in between each set. Repeat the process with your left leg.
6. Hamstring heel digs
This is another another hamstring exercise that may be used to strengthen the abdominal muscles as well as the lower back. To do hamstring heel digs, follow these steps:
- Assume a supine position with the knees bent and feet flat on the floor. Only the heels of the feet should make contact with the floor. Digging the heels into the ground and slowly moving them away from the torso around 5 inches is recommended. Return to the beginning posture by sliding the heels backwards a little. Perform two sets of 8–10 repetitions, with a 30-second to one-minute break in between each set.
7. Standing heel raises
This exercise is beneficial for increasing the strength of the calf muscles. Standing heel lifts should be performed as follows:
- Maintain a hip-width distance between your feet, with your hands resting on a hefty, solid piece of furniture for further support. Slowly raise your heels off the floor as far as you are comfortable doing so
- Keep the heels in this posture for a moment, then slowly descend them to the floor
- Perform three sets of eight to ten repetitions, pausing for 30 seconds to one minute between each set.
It utilizes a variety of muscles, including the hip abductors and the buttocks muscles, throughout this exercise. Clams are performed as follows:
- Lie down on your left side, keeping your hips and feet aligned at all times, and do the following: Straighten your legs at the knees 45 degrees and steadily elevate your upper knee as high as you can without shifting your lower back or pelvis
- Gradually bring the upper knee back to its starting position. Perform two sets of 8–10 repetitions each, with a one-minute break in between each set of repetitions. Repeat the process on the other side.
9. Leg extensions
Leg extension exercises help to increase muscle in the thighs and calves. They are safe to conduct several times a day by a single individual. Leg extensions should be performed as follows:
- Place your feet flat on the floor while sitting in a chair or bench. Right foot flexed, then lifted, resulting in the right leg being straightened
- Using your right foot, slowly return to the beginning position. Continue to repeat this for ten times, then repeat it with the left leg.
A number of workouts are too hard for those who have suffered a meniscus tear. A person should refrain from doing the following:
- Deep squats are recommended, as well as any activity that requires pivoting or otherwise twists the knee. Use free weights to make any of the workouts listed above more difficult
A torn meniscus should be evaluated by a medical professional, especially if the symptoms do not resolve within a few weeks. Consult with a doctor before beginning any light fitness program, such as the ones listed above, to ensure that the program is safe for you. A torn meniscus may be extremely painful and unpleasant to deal with. Certain workouts, on the other hand, can aid in the speeding up of the recuperation process. They can also lessen the likelihood of the injury recurring in the future.
Meniscus Tears: 8 Exercises to Try
A meniscus tear is a frequent knee ailment that affects persons who participate in contact sports on a regular basis. Aside from that, it can be caused by normal wear and tear and actions such as crouching to pick something up or getting in and out of a car that exert pressure on the knee joint. When a person breaks the protecting cartilage in the knee, he or she suffers from this injury. It is not necessarily painful when an ameniscus is torn, but it can cause swelling and instability in the knee.
A doctor can identify the best therapy for a meniscus tear based on the form of the damage and the symptoms experienced by the patient.
Physical therapy activities are frequently prescribed by doctors in order to assist stabilize the joint. Following a meniscus tear, you should begin exercising as soon as your doctor gives you the okay. Try some of the exercises below to improve your strength and stability after your injury.
1. Quadriceps setting
The quadriceps setting is an anisometric exercise that helps to develop the muscles at the front of the thigh.
- Sit on the ground with your legs spread out in front of you, and close your eyes. The quadriceps should be tightened or contracted while lying flat if that is more comfortable for you
- The easiest way to achieve this is to imagine that you are pressing the back of your knee on the floor. Hold the muscular contraction for 10 to 20 seconds, then release it and repeat the process 10 times. After taking a 30-second to 1-minute break, repeat the procedure.
Mini-squats are yet another sort of exercise that can help to develop the quadriceps muscles in the lower body.
- Maintain an upright posture by leaning your back against a wall and pressing your shoulders and head against it. Ideally, you should have your feet shoulder width apart and one foot away from the wall. Bring your buttocks closer to the ground by bending your knees a little bit. Continue to bend your knees to around 15 degrees, feeling the muscles in your thighs working
- Don’t stoop down so low that your thighs are parallel to the floor during the exercise. This puts an excessive amount of strain on your knees. Tend to this position for a full ten seconds, then slowly return your body to its beginning position. Repeat the process 8 to 10 times. After taking a 30-second to 1-minute break, repeat the procedure.
You are not need to perform this exercise against a wall, although doing so will provide you with better stability. You may also use a substantial piece of furniture to help you maintain your balance.
3. Straight leg raise
This exercise works both the quadriceps and the hamstrings, which are the muscles that go up the backs of your legs and help to stabilize your balance.
- In a comfortable position on the floor, place your left foot flat on the floor and your right leg outstretched. Maintain a neutral spine and pelvis throughout the exercise. Your pelvis should be somewhat tucked in order to provide support for your lower back. Tighten the muscles in your right leg by flexing your right foot. slowly and deliberately lift your right leg off the floor in a controlled manner Lie down and raise your right leg to approximately 45 degrees, or until your right knee is the same height as your left knee. Lower the right leg to the ground. Perform a total of 25 repetitions. Carry out the exercise on the left leg as well.
4. Hamstring heel digs
This workout is designed to help you strengthen your hamstrings while also challenging your abdominal muscles.
- Assume a prone position with your knees bent and your feet flat on the floor. Flex your feet so that just the heels of your feet are in contact with the ground
- Dig your heels into the ground and slowly move them away from your body, around 4 to 6 inches
- As you bring your heels back toward your body, you’ll be back in your beginning posture. The backs of your thighs should feel like they are being worked by the workout. This exercise should be repeated 8 to 10 times, followed by a 30-second to 1-minute break. Make a second set of reps.
5. Leg extensions
This exercise may be done while seated, which means that you can execute it practically anywhere and at any time. Make an effort to complete a set two to three times each day.
- Place your feet flat on the floor and sit in a firm chair or bench. Straighten your right leg by flexing your right foot and lifting your foot off the floor, extending your right leg. You should be able to feel the muscles in your thigh at the front of your leg working
- Using your foot, slowly return it to its initial position
- Repeat 10 times on the right side of the body, then 10 times on the left. You may also try completing the exercise with your foot pointed in a different direction.
6. Standing heel raises
This exercise helps to develop the gastrocnemius and soleus muscles, which are responsible for the formation of your calf muscles.
- Stand with your feet hip-width apart and your hands lightly resting on a chair or counter to provide support
- Taking little steps, slowly raise your heels off the floor and land on the balls of your feet
- Take a moment to pause at the peak, and then gently descend your heels back to the ground
- Perform 2 to 3 sets of 8 to 10 repetitions per set for a total of 2 to 3 sets.
Tips: To maintain balance, tighten your gluteus (buttocks) muscles. Continue to maintain a neutral position for your ankles in order to avoid them from rolling towards the outside borders of your feet.
This exercise is designed to work your hip abductors. It aids in the development of your gluteus medius and gluteus minimus muscle groups.
- In this position, you should have your hips stacked on top of one another and your knees bent at a 45-degree angle. Engage your core muscles
- Your upper arm should be supporting your lower arm, and your lower arm should be stabilizing your position. You should always keep your feet together and steadily elevate your upper knee as far as you possibly can without shifting your low back or pelvis. Reduce the speed at which you return your upper knee to its initial position. Do 2 to 3 sets with 8 to 12 repetitions per set
During the workout, it is possible that your upper hip will desire to travel rearward. Try to maintain your hips stacked on top of one another and as motionless as possible during the exercise session. Is it too simple? Before you begin the workouts, wrap a resistance band over your thighs for further support.
8. Hamstring curls
The muscles on the backs of your thighs are strengthened as a result of this workout. The steps are as follows:
- Lie on your stomach with your legs straight out in front of you. You can put your arms over your neck and lay your forehead on them. Bring your afflicted side’s foot closer to your buttocks by slowly bending your knee. Restore your foot to the ground by lowering it slowly. Perform 2 to 3 sets of 8 to 10 repetitions each set for 2 to 3 sets total.
Don’t bend your knee as much if you’re experiencing knee discomfort, according to this tip. If the discomfort persists, stop performing the activity. The majority of the time, doctors will advise against undertaking specific activities if you have a torn meniscus. These workouts might put too much strain on a knee that is already in a state of instability. Exercises that include the following should be avoided: When performing any workout, stop immediately if it gives you discomfort or makes your knee feel unstable.
The articular cartilage is responsible for the smooth movement of joints.
Traumatic meniscal tears and degenerative meniscal tears are the most common types of meniscal tears, according to doctors.
Acute traumatic tears are particularly prevalent in young athletes, especially in football. It is possible to hear a popping sound when your knee is injured. Other signs and symptoms of an acute traumatic tear include as follows:
- Joint pain and swelling
- Catching or locking of the joint
- Joint pain and swelling
A degenerative tear is produced by recurrent stress on the cartilage, which causes the cartilage to deteriorate.
These tears develop gradually over time and are most frequently observed in adults in their mid-life. In many ways, the symptoms of a chronic meniscal tear are the same as those of an acute meniscal tear.
It is critical to understand the differences between the tears since, in most cases, only acute traumatic tears may be repaired surgically. Less than ten percent of meniscal rips in people over the age of 40 can be healed with little surgery. This is frequently due to the fact that tissue deterioration impairs blood supply to the cartilage, which makes recovery after surgery less likely. A doctor may recommend that the injured tissue be removed and that physical rehabilitation activities be performed.
These exercises also aid in the strengthening of the muscles around the knee and the stabilization of the knee joint itself.
A significant amount of edema and inflammation must be reduced before any activities can be performed effectively.
- The letter R stands for rest. During the first several days following an injury, avoid extensive usage of the knee. This gives the tissue sufficient time to recover. Some people may choose to use crutches or a protective knee brace to relieve strain on the knee
- The letter I stands for ice. Ice can aid in the reduction of edema. Ice should be applied for 10 to 15 minutes at a time, then removed and allowed to rest for at least 20 minutes before reapplying
- Compression should be used. Swelling can be reduced via compression. Many individuals wrap their knees with an elastic bandage
- The letter E stands for elevation. Increasing the elevation of the knee helps to minimize swelling by directing fluid and blood flow back toward the heart.
Taking nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medicines (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen or naproxen, may also be recommended by your physician. You may be able to begin conducting physical therapy exercises three to seven days following your accident, depending on your doctor’s approval. If you develop any of the following symptoms after a suspected meniscal tear, you should consult your doctor:
- If you have any of the following symptoms: knee locking, which may indicate that a portion of damaged tissue has become lodged in the joint
- Extreme swelling of the knee joint, which makes it difficult to move the knee joint
- Extreme pain when moving the knee joint
- And knee buckling (difficulty placing weight on the knee)
In addition, if any of your symptoms increase over time, you should consult with your doctor. The meniscus may be irreparably damaged in rare circumstances and cannot be repaired by a specialist. It is possible that they will prescribe the removal of damaged tissue instead. This has the potential to alleviate pain and mobility constraints. The length of time it takes to recover from a meniscus tear is dependent on the degree and form of the damage. Symptoms of a meniscus tear might begin to subside four to six weeks after the injury.
Meniscal rips are a frequent knee ailment that may not necessarily need surgical intervention to recover completely.
If non-surgical techniques of pain and discomfort relief fail to provide adequate relief, consult with your doctor about surgical options for pain relief.
PT Exercises to Rehab Your Knee After a Meniscus Injury
Photograph by John Fredele / Getty Images Once you’ve spent a few weeks focusing on regaining your normal range of motion as well as your strength and balance, it may be time to begin working on regaining your ability to run, leap, and land properly. This may make it easier for you to return to high-level employment and sports activity. Plyometrics is a sort of workout that focuses on improving one’s ability to leap and land correctly. These exercises can assist you in re-establishing adequate neuromuscular recruitment in the muscles around your hip and knee joints.
The following are examples of plyometric workouts and neuromuscular training for your knees:
- Single-leg hopping
- Jump lunges
- Lateral plyometric hops
In order to get the most out of your plyometric exercises for your knee, it’s crucial to make sure your knee is in line with your ankle as you jump and land. When leaping, a good rule of thumb is to keep your knee above your second toe at all times to ensure that your body is in proper alignment. Your physical therapist can ensure that you are doing it appropriately.
Torn meniscus – Diagnosis and treatment
During a physical examination, a torn meniscus is frequently discovered. Your doctor may ask you to squat and move your knee and leg into different positions while watching you walk in order to determine the source of your signs and symptoms and to help you get the treatment you need.
- X-rays. The fact that a torn meniscus is formed of cartilage means that it will not be seen on X-rays. However, X-rays and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can help rule out other disorders with the knee that cause similar symptoms. This procedure makes use of a powerful magnetic field to obtain comprehensive pictures of both the hard and soft structures of your knee joint. It is the most accurate imaging examination for the detection of a torn meniscus.
In some situations, your doctor may choose to inspect the interior of your knee with the help of a device called as an arthroscope. It is necessary to implant the arthroscope through a small incision near your knee. The gadget has a light and a tiny camera, which transmits an enlarged image of the interior of your knee to a display through a wired or wireless connection. The arthroscope or further tiny incisions in your knee can be used to implant surgical equipment to trim or repair the tear if it is determined to be required.
In most cases, conservative treatment for a torn meniscus is the first step, and this is dependent on the kind, size, and location of the tear. When arthritis is treated properly, tears associated with the disease frequently improve over time, and surgery is usually not required in this situation. Many other rips that are not linked with locking or a restriction of knee mobility will grow less painful with time, and as a result, they will not necessitate surgical intervention. Your doctor may advise you to do the following:
- Rest. Prevent yourself from engaging in activities that aggravate your knee discomfort, particularly those that require you to twist, rotate, or pivot your knee. If your pain is severe, crutches can relieve strain on your knee and help it recover more quickly
- Ice can also help. Ice might help to alleviate knee discomfort and swelling. Use a cold pack, a bag of frozen veggies, or a towel covered with ice cubes for about 15 minutes at a time, being sure to keep your knee elevated during the process. For the first few days, do this every 4 to 6 hours
- After that, you can do it whenever you like. Medication. Knee discomfort can be relieved with over-the-counter pain medications as well.
Physical therapy can assist you in strengthening the muscles surrounding your knee and in your legs, which can help to stabilize and support the knee joint as well as improve your overall health.
Depending on whether your knee continues to be painful despite rehabilitative treatment or whether your knee has locked, your doctor may propose surgery. It is occasionally feasible to heal a torn meniscus, especially in children and young people. However, this is not always the case. If the tear cannot be healed, the meniscus may need to be surgically trimmed, which may be accomplished by small incisions made with an arthroscope. Following surgery, you will need to perform exercises to improve and maintain the strength and stability of your knee.
A meniscus transplant may be an option for younger people who have signs and symptoms following surgery but do not have severe arthritis, according to the National Institutes of Health.
Lifestyle and home remedies
Avoid engaging in activities that exacerbate your knee discomfort — particularly sports that require rotating or twisting your knee — until the pain subsides completely.
Ice and over-the-counter pain medications can be quite beneficial in this situation.
Preparing for your appointment
Many patients seek emergency medical attention because of the pain and incapacity they experience as a result of a torn meniscus. Others schedule an appointment with their primary care physicians. It is possible that you will be sent to a sports medicine expert or to a bone and joint surgeon, depending on the severity of your injury and the type of treatment you require (orthopedic surgeon).
What you can do
Prepare to answer the following questions in advance of your scheduled appointment:
- When did the injury take place
- I’m curious what you were doing at the time. Did you hear a loud “pop” or experience a “popping” feeling while you were sleeping? After the procedure, was there a lot of swelling? Have you ever had an injury to your knee? Has the onset of your symptoms been constant or intermittent? Does it appear that particular movements either ease or exacerbate your symptoms? When you’re attempting to move your knee, does it ever “lock” or feel like it’s being blocked? Do you ever get the sensation that your knee is unstable or that it is unable to hold your weight?
The 6th of January in the year 2022
Torn Meniscus: Causes, Symptoms, Treatments, Prevention & Outlook
Two bits of cartilage lie within the knee, between your thighbone (femur) and shinbone (tibia). They help to cushion the joint (tibia). The meniscus is the cartilage in question. The stretchy wedges of cartilage in your knee work as shock absorbers, cushioning your bones and knee joint as they move about.
What is a meniscus tear?
As you get older, the cartilage in your knees begins to wear out and become weaker, causing pain and discomfort. This thinner cartilage is more susceptible to tearing. The degradation of cartilage in the joints, which is caused by arthritis, can also contribute to a meniscus tear.
How common are meniscus tears?
A torn meniscus is one of the most prevalent types of knee injuries. Meniscus tears are common among sportsmen and others who participate in sports for recreation. Older adults and people who have arthritis in their knees are also at risk for suffering from this injury.
Who might tear a meniscus?
People who participate in sports (such as tennis, soccer, basketball, or football) that require quick twisting movements are at the highest risk of tearing a meniscus. Playing contact sports raises your chances of suffering a meniscus tear as well. Getting struck or tackled might cause you to twist your knee, causing the cartilage to rip and become inflamed.
Symptoms and Causes
A quick twisting action in which your knee turns while your foot remains firmly planted on the ground is the most common cause of meniscal tears in the knee. It is common for athletes to sustain a tear when participating in sports. Meniscus tears can occur in people whose cartilage has worn down (as a result of aging or arthritis), and can occur from anything as simple as walking on an uneven surface. Occasionally, deterioration caused by arthritis results in a tear, even in the absence of a knee injury.
What are the symptoms of a torn meniscus?
When a meniscus is torn, it is common for people to have the sensation of something popping in their knee at the time of the injury. Other signs and symptoms include:
- Have the sensation that your knee is about to give way beneath you
- Have knee pain or stiffness, or a swelling in the knee
- Having difficulty completely bending and/or straightening your leg
What are the complications of a torn meniscus?
It is possible that your torn meniscus will not heal properly, causing your knee to become less stable than it was before the accident. This might raise your chances of suffering from other knee ailments, such as an ACL tear or another damaged ligament.
Diagnosis and Tests
In order to detect indications of swelling, your healthcare professional will do a physical examination on your knee. They will put you through your paces to see how far you can go. You may also be subjected to imaging tests, such as X-rays or an MRI, to determine the extent of the damage.
Knee arthroscopymay be recommended by your provider in order to obtain a clearer picture of and more accurate diagnosis of your ailment. This surgery involves the surgeon inserting a small camera (known as an arthroscope) into your knee through a small incision made in your skin.
Management and Treatment
It is possible that your meniscus tear will mend without the need for surgery, depending on the size and location of the tear. Your healthcare practitioner may prescribe that you use nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) to ease pain and reduce swelling (such as ibuprofen or aspirin) to help relieve your symptoms. Following your injury, you should also follow the RICE treatment in the days following your injury. Rest, ice, compression, and elevation (RICE) are acronyms for these actions.
- Take it easy: As much as possible, keep your weight off your damaged knee
- Use of an ice pack: Apply an ice pack to your knee for about 20 minutes multiple times each day. Swelling can be reduced by wrapping your knee in a compression bandage. Elevation: Rest with your leg elevated higher than your heart in order to reduce inflammation.
Is knee surgery necessary to repair a torn meniscus?
More severe meniscus tears may not be able to heal by themselves. arthroscopic surgery may be recommended if your injury does not improve after being treated with RICE, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), and physical therapy. A torn meniscus can be repaired with high success rates by surgery. If the tear is too large to be repaired, your surgeon may recommend that you have the meniscus removed whole or in part. As a result of your recuperation, your knee will be more stable, and you will be less likely to have other knee issues in the future, according to the Mayo Clinic.
It might be difficult to avoid an accident that results in harm. However, if you do the following, you can lower your chances of suffering a torn meniscus:
- Increase the strength of the muscles that support and stabilize your knee
- And If you know your knee is unstable or weak, you should wear a knee brace. Gradually increase the intensity of your workout activities. Don’t forget to wear sports shoes that are suited for the sport you’re participating in
Outlook / Prognosis
The majority of persons who tear a meniscus are able to return to their previous level of activity. In most cases, if you undergo surgery to repair a torn meniscus, your knee should be fully healed within a few months after beginning physical therapy. In the event that you undergo surgery to remove all or a portion of your meniscus, you may be at increased risk of getting arthritis in the future. This is due to the fact that your joint’s stress absorption has been reduced. After a period of time, the joint may begin to fail.
If you have any of the following symptoms, you should contact your healthcare provider:
- You are unable to fully bend or straighten your leg without experiencing knee discomfort. In the case of a persistent swelling that does not subside after a few days of RICE and NSAIDs
- Feel as though your knee is locking up or that it could give way beneath you
What questions should I ask my doctor?
You might wish to inquire with your healthcare practitioner about the following:
- What is the severity of the tear in my meniscus? Is it conceivable that the rip will heal on its own? Is it likely that I’ll require physical therapy? Does my torn meniscus necessitate surgery to fix or remove it? When will I be able to resume my previous level of activity? What are the symptoms that the damage is worsening rather than mending
An announcement from the Cleveland Clinic A torn meniscus is one of the most prevalent types of knee injuries. It commonly occurs as a result of suddenly twisting your knee. It can happen when participating in sports, exercising, or simply going about your everyday routine. Small rips are frequently self-healing, but larger tears may need arthroscopic surgery to repair. The majority of patients totally heal from a torn meniscus and are able to return to their favorite hobbies without experiencing any discomfort in their knees.
Torn Knee Meniscus Exercises – Mobility, Strengthening & Sports Specific
Meniscus injury rehabilitation exercises include mobility, stretching, strengthening, and sports-specific movements for the knee. In this section, we will go over several rehabilitation activities that may be included in a meniscus injury recovery program.
Introduction to meniscus tear rehabilitation exercises
In this section, we will go through some exercises for a torn meniscus issue. Whether or not you have undergone surgery will determine when and where you begin your recovery program. This is explained in further detail in our medial meniscus rehabilitation program.
Mobility and isometric (static) contractions are generally the first two exercises performed. After that, you proceed to activities involving resistance bands, and lastly to more functional plyometric workouts before returning to your regular training schedule.
When a medial cartilage meniscus injury occurs, it is possible to expand the range of motion at the joint by doing mobility or range of motion exercises in the early phases of a rehabilitation program.
Depending on your preference, you can perform this exercise standing or seated. Knees should be bent and straightened only to the extent that discomfort and range of motion allow them to be. As much as your discomfort allows, try to do three sets of 10-20 repetitions three times a day. Make this exercise more challenging by keeping the leg steady at the end of the range, in both flexion and extension, for the whole duration.
On the back, with one leg bent upwards and the foot sliding down the ground, one is lying on the back. Slide the heel up as far as it will go towards the buttocks, if at all feasible. During the initial stages of recuperation, it may only be feasible to bend the knee as little as 30 degrees on one side. This should become more prevalent over time. Repeat 10 to 20 times daily, striving to expand the range of movement as much as possible while maintaining pain control. It is possible to make the exercise simpler by wrapping a towel over the ankle to aid in flexion if there is inadequate muscular power to bend the knee.
Strengthening exercises for
Exercises should always be performed without experiencing any discomfort. Because there is no movement of the knee joint, the isometric exercise scan frequently begins immediately. Increasingly vigorous activities such as squats and lunges can be performed when the injury heals and the discomfort subsides.
Isometric hamstring contractions
The hamstring muscles will retain part of their strength as a result of this workout. The hamstrings are flexed against the resistance of a partner, maintained for a short period of time, then released before repeating the exercise. Aim for 10 to 20 reps on each side. After that, the exercise should be done several times with various degrees of flexion or bend of the knee.
Static quads contractions
Exercises for a Torn Meniscus in the Knee Continuing Reading »”>This exercise may be begun as soon as the discomfort will allow it and can be done on a daily basis. In certain cases, it may even be able to continue with this workout while the athlete is wearing a plaster cast. The quadriceps muscles at the front of the thigh should be contracted. Hold for a total of 10 seconds. Relax and take a three-second break. Repeat the process 10 to 20 times. In addition to using a rolled-up towel or foam roller beneath the knee, you may execute this exercise with a straight leg.
Exercises for a Torn Meniscus in the Knee Continue reading »”> Maintain a straight posture with your feet shoulder-width apart and near to something you can grab for balance. Increase the height of your heels by lifting them off the floor as much as possible.
The first few weeks of recovery, this exercise must be performed with both legs at the same time. Slowly lower yourself to the ground. Aim for 2-3 sets of 15-20 repetitions each set for the best results. Later on, you can advance to single leg calf lifts to make this workout more challenging.
“>Stand on the undamaged leg only, and slowly move the injured leg out to the side as far as you can. Make sure you have something to hang on to. Use a resistance band or ankle weights to make the exercise more challenging. Aim for three sets of ten to twelve repetitions on each leg.”
Exercises for a Torn Meniscus in the Knee Read More »”>The athlete lies on their back with their legs bent, pushing their hips upwards in order to train the gluteal muscles and hamstrings.” To begin, place both feet on the floor and push up with them. Hold the position for a short period of time before lowering it. Begin with three sets of eight reps and work your way up to three sets of twelve reps before progressing to single-leg bridges. Single leg bridges are performed in the same manner as double leg bridges, with the exception that you should clench the gluteal muscles and maintain a straight line from the shoulder on the ground to the knee at the top of the exercise.
Standing with your feet little wider than shoulder width apart and your back straight is the best position. Return to standing after squatting halfway to the horizontal, or approximately 45 degrees. During rehabilitation, aim for three sets of 10 to 20 repetitions each side. Increase the difficulty of this exercise by adding weight, increasing the depth of the squat to 90 degrees or near horizontal thighs, or switching to single-leg squats as you gain strength.
Exercises for a Torn Meniscus in the Knee Continue reading »”> Lunges are a little easier variant of the squat, and they are sometimes referred to as split squats in some circles. Begin by taking a wide posture. Bend the back knee towards the floor, but do not allow it to come into contact with the floor. Maintain a straight back during the exercise and avoid allowing the front knee to go forward past the toes. Begin with two sets of ten reps with the injured leg in front of you, followed by two sets of ten with the affected leg in the rear.
In order to make it more difficult, you can add a dumbbell in each hand or a barbell over your shoulders.
Leg press machines may be found in a variety of configurations in gyms, but they all function in a mostly similar manner overall. Place your feet hip-width apart on the platform and your feet on the seat of the chair. Approximately a 90-degree angle should be present at the knee in the beginning posture. Make the necessary adjustments to the seat. Straightening the knees requires pushing with the legs (either the seat will movebackwardsor the platform will move forwards). Maintain a small bend in the knees rather than locking them.
This keeps the muscle in a state of tension.
Balance board exercises
Exercises for a Torn Meniscus in the Knee Continue reading »”> In the rehabilitation of ankle injuries, such as ankle sprains, wobble boards are most typically utilized; however, they should also be employed in the rehabilitation of other lower limb and knee injuries as well.
They can also be used to treat injuries to the upper limbs, particularly those involving the shoulder. This is particularly significant for persons who participate in throwing or comparable activities.
Exercises for a Torn Meniscus in the Knee Continue reading »”> Plyometrics, also known as plyometric exercises, are a type of muscle-strengthening exercise that incorporates leaping, bounding, and hopping motions in order to enhance the muscle’s ability to produce force. Power is utilized in the great majority of sports, and plyometrics may be used to assist in the development of this skill for the majority of players.
Exercises for a Torn Meniscus in the Knee Continue reading »”> Changing directions while utilizing tiny hurdles and agility ladders are all part of agility training. The goal is to bridge the gap between regular jogging and regaining full match fitness after an injury. If you are a football or soccer player, you should gradually add kicking the ball into your training to let any scar tissue to acclimate to the increased stresses.
- Torn meniscus – torn knee cartilage
- Surgical Animation
- Torn meniscus – torn knee cartilage Injury to the meniscus – damaged knee cartilage in a nutshell
Basics of torn meniscus-torn knee cartilage
In the beginning, you should understand the difference between a torn meniscus and torn knee cartilage. Then you should understand the symptoms, the causes, the diagnosis, the treatment, and the research. Injury to the meniscus – torn cartilage in the knee.
Immediate medical attention
An injured meniscus requires rapid medical care if it causes a “locking” of the knee. When a knee is locked, it is unable to fully bend or fully straighten due to anything becoming stuck inside the joint. If the meniscus is locked, it means that a portion of the torn meniscus has shifted into a section of the knee where it does not belong or fit.
Facts and myths
Any time a torn meniscus results in the knee being locked, medical assistance should be sought immediately. Knees get “locked” when anything gets lodged within and prevents them from fully bending or fully straightening. If the meniscus has locked, it means that a portion of the torn meniscus has shifted into an area of the knee where it does not belong or fit.
Find out more about torn meniscuses and watch a surgical animation in the video below. Because no two surgical situations are exactly the same, this is merely an example that may be used to educate patients about their procedures.
The first signs and symptoms of a torn meniscus are well-localized pain and edema in the affected knee joint. Not only does the pain generally occur on the inner or outer side of the knee, but it also occurs around the kneecap. Pain and swelling are typically not noticed until the next day following an accident, even when the patient recalls the precise incident that resulted in them. Swelling does not always occur in the same place as the source of the discomfort.
A torn meniscus might sometimes result in catching or locking of the knee during movement. Sometimes the knee is stuck in the middle of the range of motion for several days. The patient may be able to “unlock” the knee by bending and twisting it before attempting to straighten it in some cases.
A torn meniscus in the knee is typically accompanied by sharp, localized pain in the knee. Twisting or squatting actions are frequently associated with more severe discomfort.
Many people who have a torn meniscus can walk, stand, sit, and sleep without experiencing any discomfort until the torn meniscus has locked the knee. Others report that the torn meniscus makes it difficult for them to participate comfortably in their normal daily activities.
Pain and swelling may subside over a period of 4-6 weeks, and activities of daily life may become manageable at that point. Athletic activity, on the other hand, may cause discomfort and swelling to return. Sometimes even routine tasks of daily life, such as climbing and descending stairs or getting in and out of automobiles, can cause discomfort in a knee that has a torn meniscus.
A torn meniscus frequently results in the knee producing excessive joint fluid. When the knee is slightly bent, there is more space in the knee for fluid to circulate. As a result, persons suffering from persistent swelling are more likely to keep the affected knee in a bent posture, resulting in hamstring tightness and joint contracture. A portion of torn meniscus that moves in and out of position can also cause damage to the adjacent articular (gliding) surfaces, which can result in arthritis in the affected joint.
If the meniscus in the knee is torn, this can impair the patient’s ability to climb stairs or get in and out of seats or automobiles without experiencing pain or discomfort. Sometimes the pain in the knee drives the brain to shut down the quadriceps muscle at the knee, resulting in a sense of “giving way.” This is known as “giving way syndrome.”
A meniscus tear, in addition to having difficulties with daily tasks, frequently makes it unable to engage in sports that require twisting motions.
To be sure, a torn meniscus is not a life-threatening injury. Once treated, the knee will often continue to function correctly for several years. In order to avoid causing damage to the articular (gliding) cartilage in the knee, a meniscal tear that catches, locks the knee, or causes swelling on a regular or chronic basis should be removed or treated as soon as possible. A meniscal tear that causes discomfort but does not catch, lock, or swell may have a lower risk of causing further damage to the remainder of the knee joint.
Conditions with similar symptoms
It is possible to mistake the symptoms of a torn meniscus with those of a piece of arthriticarticular cartilage that is protruding from the surface of the bone or that has broken away in the joint, which can occur in either case.
Surgically removing or repairing the torn section of meniscus can alleviate the symptoms of a torn meniscus, which include discomfort, swelling, catching, and locking. Only tears in the area of the meniscus with a blood supply are repaired by meniscal reattachment surgery. There is a little difference in the case of a degenerative meniscal tear linked with osteoarthritis as opposed to other types of tears. A common complication of osteoarthritis in the knee is a minor degenerative meniscal tear, which can lead to further complications.
It is possible that the acute symptoms of a fresh degenerative meniscal tear (pain and edema) will subside within a few months, even if the torn portion has not healed or been removed from the joint.
When mechanical symptoms such as catching or locking are present, on the other hand, these symptoms are less likely to resolve on their own without the need for surgery.
Meniscus tears can develop at any age and in any gender. Traumatic tears are most frequent in physically active adults between the ages of 10 and 45. Degenerative tears are more frequent in adults over the age of 40, although they can affect anybody.
Degenerative Meniscal Tears
It is believed that degenerative meniscal tears arise as a result of the aging process, when the collagen fibers inside the meniscus begin to break down and provide less support to the meniscus’s structural integrity. Degenerative rips in the meniscus are often horizontal in nature, resulting in the formation of both an upper and lower segment of meniscus. These segments are less prone to cause mechanical symptoms such as catching or locking since they do not often move out of place. Cigarette smokers are also more likely to suffer from degenerative meniscal tears.
Traumatic Meniscal Tears
It is believed that the majority of traumatic meniscal tears are caused by twisting injuries when the knee rotates but the foot remains in place. The meniscus can also tear as a result of excessive bending of the knee. lateral meniscal tears are associated with the combination of bend, rotation, and a sudden kick that occurs in some forms of martial arts.Traumatic meniscal tears are typically radial or vertical in the meniscus and are more likely to produce a moveable fragment that can catch in the knee and require surgical treatment.
Torn Meniscus Image Gallery
To view a larger version of an image, click on it.
A physical examination of the knee is frequently sufficient to detect a torn meniscus. Using particular twisting movements, the doctor will check for swelling, discomfort along the joint line, loss of mobility, and pain in the joint. Take a look at Figure 4.
A magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan can be performed to confirm the diagnosis of a torn meniscus. Take a look at Figure 5.
Health care team
Orthopedic surgeons and primary care physicians who have received training in sports medicine are specifically versed in the diagnosis of torn meniscus.
Finding a doctor
It is possible to find doctors who specialize in torn meniscus through university medical schools, county medical societies, and state orthopedic associations. Aside from these organizations, the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons and the American Orthopedic Society for Sports Medicine are other useful resources.
Torn Meniscus Image Gallery
A meniscal tear may only be repaired or removed with arthroscopic surgery, which is the only therapy available for this condition. Take a look at Figures 6 and 7. Damage to the remainder of the knee from torn menisci is less likely to occur, and pain and swelling symptoms can be managed non-operatively with over-the-counter pain drugs.
Treatment for non-locking torn meniscus
The most common first therapy for non-locking torn menisci is the use of over-the-counter pain medicines to alleviate the symptoms of discomfort and edema. When a torn meniscus is identified, but the knee is not locked and the patient cannot recall a specific occurrence that caused the pain, the discomfort can be relieved with over-the-counter pain drugs such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen for a short period of time before surgery is performed.
It is recommended that the patient avoid pivoting and squatting, and that he or she concentrate on maintaining the quadriceps muscles strong. If the swelling and pain have not subsided after 6 weeks, it is likely that they will not resolve without surgical intervention.
Avoiding activities that involve twisting may help to alleviate the symptoms of a torn meniscus. Additional quadriceps setting exercises should be performed with the knee straight or mini-squats should be performed with the knee bent only to 15 degrees to avoid giving way and prevent the quadriceps muscle from atrophy.
Exercise and therapy
Because of their restricted blood supply, the majority of meniscal tears are unable to heal. But strengthening the quadriceps muscle can help avoid some of the secondary consequences of a torn meniscus, such as kneecap discomfort and the sensation of the kneecap collapsing.
Meniscal tears can be treated with medications such as acetaminophen, aspirin, or ibuprofen, which can alleviate some of the discomfort but do not repair the underlying problem. Anti-inflammatory medications such as ibuprofen or naproxen may also be effective in reducing the swelling that is linked with it.
Even while removal of excess joint fluid might momentarily relieve discomfort, the meniscus will not mend and the fluid will most likely reaccumulate after the fluid has been removed.
Splints or braces
Braces may give a greater sense of security, but they are not intended to cure the meniscus itself.
Strategies for coping
A torn meniscus can be managed with non-narcotic pain medicines until the tear can be repaired arthroscopically. Patients with a torn meniscus should strive to do quadriceps muscle contractions to prevent atrophy, which is linked with knee discomfort and edema. It may also be necessary to adapt activities in order to prevent those that cause the knee to twist.
It is possible to feel more secure in the knee if you use an ace bandage, knee sleeve, or brace.
Surgery is the only way to restore function to a torn meniscus. The procedure will be performed arthroscopically and will involve either the removal or repair of the torn portion of the meniscus in the knee joint. Only when the tear is located within or just next to the vascular zone of the meniscus can it be repaired successfully.
Surgery for traumatic meniscal tear
Traumatically torn meniscus is generally treated with arthroscopic surgery to repair the damage. Using an arthroscope, this minimally invasive surgical procedure entails either removing or repairing the torn piece of meniscus. When a meniscus tear develops in this vascular zone, it is more likely that the repair will be effective. This is because only around 20-25 percent of the meniscus has blood flow at any given time. In the non-vascular area, tears have a low chance of healing and are consequently eliminated surgically.
Surgery for degenerative meniscal tear with osteoarthritis
A degenerative meniscal injury linked with osteoarthritis has a different predicted prognosis than a meniscal tear associated with other conditions. The non-mechanical symptoms of osteoarthritis (stiffness, achiness, and weather-related discomfort) may linger even after arthroscopically repairing the torn meniscus and simultaneously clipping away any shaggy articular cartilage generated by the arthritis are eliminated.
Because of this, in the case of a progressive meniscal tear associated with osteoarthritis, the patient and doctor must also talk about arthritis treatment options such as injections into the knee or partial or total knee replacement.
The American Society for Sports Medicine has a wealth of material about torn meniscus that you can read about here.
Current research on the treatment of torn meniscus focuses on the most effective strategy for repairing a torn meniscus and the insertion of a substitute meniscus in cases when a total meniscal ectomy has already been performed on the patient.
Summary of torn meniscus-torn knee cartilage
- Meniscal tears can arise as a result of trauma, degeneration, or a combination of these factors. Meniscal tears can cause knee discomfort, swelling, catching, and locking
- Nevertheless, they are rare. The majority of meniscal tears do not heal because they are located in an anatomic location that does not have adequate blood flow. Arthroscopic surgery is the only therapy for meniscal tears that is guaranteed to be effective.