How To Rehab Shin Splints? (Perfect answer)

To relieve pain, your physical therapist may prescribe:

  1. Rest from the aggravating activity or exercise.
  2. Icing the tender area for 5 to 10 minutes, 1 to 3 times a day.
  3. Exercises to gently stretch the muscles around the shin.
  4. Taping the arch of the foot or the affected leg muscles.
  5. Hands-on massage of the injured tissue.
  • In most cases, you can treat shin splints with simple self-care steps: Rest. Avoid activities that cause pain, swelling or discomfort — but don’t give up all physical activity. Ice. Apply ice packs to the affected shin for 15 to 20 minutes at a time, four to eight times a day for several days. Take an over-the-counter pain reliever.


How do you heal shin splints fast?

Rest, ice, compression, elevation (RICE) method

  1. Rest. Rest from all activities that cause you pain, swelling, or discomfort.
  2. Ice. Place ice packs on your shins for 15 to 20 minutes at a time.
  3. Compression. Try wearing a calf compression sleeve to help reduce inflammation around your shins.
  4. Elevation.

How long does it take to recover from shin splints?

If the pain returns, stop exercising right away. Know that shin splints can take 3 to 6 months to heal. Do not rush back into your sport or exercise. You could injure yourself again.

Can you still workout with shin splints?

In an effort to maintain fitness while recovering from shin splints, keep in mind not to exercise to the point of any shin pain. If this occurs, cut back and consult your doctor. Follow this important guideline when undertaking injury recovery alternatives or any exercise: Warm up and cool down.

Should you rub out shin splints?

Since the muscles generally associated with shin splints are deep muscles of the lower leg, remedial massage, myotherapy or deep tissue massage is recommended over foam rolling or static stretching as therapists are able to more effectively isolate and reach the deeper muscles.

Is it OK to bike with shin splints?

Since shin splints are an overload injury, it is important to reduce the amount of high-impact exercise you’re doing in order to allow the tibia to heal. Swapping some of your running or walking workouts with biking or swimming can be a good way to help keep the injury from worsening while still maintaining fitness.

Can you squat with shin splints?

Active individuals would do well to consider weight training for their lower body, too. Exercises such as controlled lunges, squats and calf raises can strengthen leg muscles and help prevent shin splints.

How do I start running again after shin splints?

Use low-impact activities like water exercises or cycling to maintain your conditioning, while avoiding stress on the shin muscles and tendons. When returning, increase mileage slowly. Ideally, the increases should be no more than 10 percent every week. You may wish to consider switching your running shoes.

How do shin splints feel?

If you have shin splints, you might notice tenderness, soreness or pain along the inner side of your shinbone and mild swelling in your lower leg. At first, the pain might stop when you stop exercising. Eventually, however, the pain can be continuous and might progress to a stress reaction or stress fracture.

How do runners strengthen their shins?

Place an ankle weight on your foot. Point your foot up (10 reps), in (10 reps) and out (10 reps). Perform three sets twice a day. Massage your shins with an ice cup for 15 minutes after running and performing your exercises.

How do dancers treat shin splints?

Resting, especially from jumping and intense pointe work until the legs are healed is critical; icing to reduce inflammation, Kinesio tape, and a careful stretching routine can encourage the muscles to relax and provide pain relief. More importantly than being easily treatable, shin splints are easily preventable.

How do you get rid of shin splints without stopping running?

How To Treat Shin Splints For Runners – Without Stopping Your Training

  1. Overuse is the number one cause.
  2. Cross Train – You can take a break from running so often by cross training more!
  3. Run on Different Surfaces – If you can, run on softer surfaces like grass or dirt.

Can shin splints become permanent?

Shin splints are not permanent. You should be able to ease pain from shin splints with rest, changing the amount of exercise you are doing and making sure to wear supportive footwear. If your shin splints do not go away over a long period of time, see your doctor.

Do shin splints always come back?

If your shins aren’t rested after your shin splints are treated, then symptoms can easily show themselves again. Inflammation passes quickly, but the cause of inflammation does not. Recurring shin splints are common, and, without full treatment, there is a possibility for permanent injury.

The Best Exercises For Shin Splints: Prevent and Recover! – [ ]

Have you been suffering from a pain in the front of your shins that just won’t go away? Have you been doing a lot of running or participating in a lot of sports that require jumping activity? If this is the case, you may be suffering from a condition known as’shin splints.’ This lower leg injury, which is frequently caused by overuse, is difficult to rehabilitate for a variety of reasons, one of which is its relative obscurity. Shin splints, also known as’medial tibial stress syndrome,’ are an injury that occurs more frequently in endurance athletes such as runners, as well as athletes who participate in jumping sports such as basketball or volleyball, and who are placing large amounts of stress on their lower extremities with a high volume of movement.

What Exactly Are Shin Splints?

For the most part, the discomfort in the lower leg begins gradually and grows in intensity as the person engages in physical activity. The pain can be felt on the inside of the shin bone (medial aspect of the tibia) or even on the front of the shin bone, depending on where it occurs. In most cases, the pain is characterized as deep, dull, and boring; nevertheless, if the condition becomes more serious, the pain can be described as intense. Based on the findings of an article by Winters et al., medial tibial stress syndrome (MTSS) is currently defined as pain with palpation along the posteromedial border of the tibia that occurs during exercise or pain with palpation over a 5 centimeter or greater area of the posteromedial border of the tibia that occurs during exercise or pain with palpation over an area of 5 centimeters or greater.

A higher incidence of this condition is observed in persons who exert a significant amount of force via their lower legs, with the highest rates of occurrence occurring in long-distance runners, dancers, and military personnel.

Are Nagging Shin Splints Holding You Back From Running?

A lot of people believe that you can just put on a pair of running shoes and go for a run, which can be accurate in some cases. Failure to prepare, on the other hand, may set you up for failure. “You don’t run to get fit; you have to be fit in order to run,” says the author. A variety of problems, including those that prevent you from running, may emerge if you do not have sufficient training, instruction, and awareness of healthy running hygiene practices. This program will teach you the greatest cross-training regimen for runners and will provide you with knowledge to help you maintain optimal running fitness throughout your life.

How Do I Get Rid Of Shin Splints?

The first stage in treating shin splints is simple, but the second step is more difficult. In most cases, merely decreasing the amount of volume, duration, and/or frequency that an individual engages in is half of the fight! Yes, this is difficult for many of us since we are intrinsically motivated to prepare for a race or just maintain a healthy lifestyle. In spite of this, we know that there is still a great deal that can be done from an exercise viewpoint, even while allowing a specific portion of the body to recover (see this post on keeping strong after surgery!) The importance of relative relaxation in allowing the region to settle down before going on to more advanced activities cannot be overstated.

How Do I Know If I Have Shin Splints?

The following are some of the possible causes of shin splints:

  • When you are exercising on an elevation or doing a lot of hill training, you are using your ankle dorsiflexors more, which are the muscles that move your foot closer to your nose.
  • Increased ankle joint plantar flexion: According to the presented idea, this foot posture (with toes pointed downward) may predispose an individual to landing on their forefoot more frequently when jogging on the road. This can increase the amount of stress placed on the tibia
  • Changes in the range of motion of the hip joint may affect running kinematics, resulting in excessive stress of the tibial plateau. Do you want to improve the mobility of your hips? Check out this article for more information.
  • Increased foot pronation (flat foot posture) may also exert additional stress on the medial part of the tibia, causing it to become more painful. Here are some activities to help you deal with it:
  • Increased BMI, high foot varus, female sex, and training faults have all been linked to increased risk of heart disease.

Overuse injuries, particularly in runners, are frequently caused by training mistakes, as we have described previously. It has been shown that rapid increases in volume, length, and/or frequency of the activity, altering terrain to a tougher surface, and excessive hill training are all associated with mistakes in running training. Furthermore, the combination of jogging on hard surfaces while still going downhill causes the body to experience increased eccentric load and ground response forces.


It is possible to develop stress fractures when there is recurrent load applied to parts of the body without adequate healing time, resulting in an imbalance between bone creation and absorption. Furthermore, the osteoclasts (which tear down bone cells) begin to outnumber and outcompete the osteoblasts in their work (building up bone cells). The majority of them will arise in the cortical portion of the bone, the diaphysis of long bone, or the shell of square bone, because the remodeling process is slower in these locations.

How Are Stress Fractures Different From Shin Splints?

Similar to shin splints, most patients will experience an insidious start of discomfort that is worse with exercise and better with resting the affected leg. When the front of the shin (anterior tibia) is palpated in this situation, it is generally sensitive. A stress fracture is often more acute in terms of pain and more focal in terms of where the pain is concentrated than shin splints, which are more diffuse in nature and aching in nature. Stress fractures are more common in women than men, and they are more common in men than women.

The answer is yes, they are both connected to an increase in effort; however, stress fractures are more commonly associated with localized, acute, and strong pain when compared to shinsplints.


Assuming you’ve gained a knowledge of what shin splints are and what factors might lead to them, let’s get down to the nitty-gritty of how to treat them with physical therapy and rehabilitation.

  • Chronic Phase:Relative rest employing the POLICE principle (RICEis OUT! ), which is protection, optimal loading, ice, compression, and elevation, as well as compression and elevation. Ice, which has been hotly contested in the literature, may be utilized as an analgesic during this acute phase of the disease. It is still up for contention whether or not it will alleviate any edema at the tissue level, according to the research. Listen to our podcast on the subject to discover more about icing and the conditions in which it is used.


  • Modifications to the training program: Individualized training programs should be designed with the volume, length, and frequency of workouts tailored to the individual in mind to avoid overtraining the body. Also, educate them on the need of healthy sleep and recuperation.
  • Initially, use cross-training as well as forgiving training surfaces: The ground reaction force through the foot and up to the shins must be decreased to allow for proper recuperation before introducing graded exposure.
  • Even surfaces, such as a track, are examples of better surfaces
  • A track is also an example of a better surface.
  • Swimming, biking, and other low- to moderate-intensity exercises are excellent forms of cross training to incorporate into your routine. Continued conditioning of the cardiovascular system allows for better aerobic fitness levels to be maintained as well as the creation of a pumping mechanism throughout the body, which aids in the healing of injured tissues
  • Correct muscular strength and/or flexibility imbalances by doing the following:
  • Make particular note of the calf complex, as this area has been shown to be significantly related with medial tibial stress syndrome.
  • Lower extremity injuries are more likely to occur when there is core weakness.
  • In particular, persons who are too pronated (have a flat arch) should strengthen their feet intrinsically.
  • Taking into consideration the female athlete triad, it may be necessary to speak with nutritionists, primary care physicians, and sports medicine psychologists in addition to the above. In this setting, interdisciplinary care is important
  • Nonetheless,
  • Check your footwear: This varies depending on who you speak with about this subject, but generally speaking, shoes should be replaced every 200-500 miles of driving, and in certain cases, a visit to a podiatrist for orthotics may be necessary.
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Best Exercises For Shin Splints

Listed below are some progressive exercises, along with reasons why they are some of the finest exercises for shin splints rehabilitation!

Wall Calf Stretch – Knee Bent (Soleus Bias)

Exercise Video for a Sample Foot/Ankle Rehabilitation Program

  • HOW:Stand with a wall in front of you and place your hands on the wall to get into position. Take a step back with the side you intend to stretch, allowing the knee to be bent and remaining bent throughout the movement. Slowly bend and move your weight forward until you feel a stretch in the foot you just stepped back with, knee bent, and toes facing 12 o’clock.
  • FEEL: You should feel a stretch in the calf of the foot that is behind you, more notably in the lower calf above your ankle, when you perform this movement. You should not experience any discomfort or a pinch in the area in front of your ankle.
  • COMPENSATION:Make sure that your rear foot is facing 12 o’clock at all times, and that your foot does not turn out or in. Make an effort to keep your heel down. Make certain that the knee is bent.

Wall Calf Stretch – Knee Straight, 3D (Gastrocnemius Bias)

The calf complex is frequently implicated in the development of shin splints, especially tightening of the muscles and/or weakening of the calf muscles. The gastrocnemius calf muscle, which crosses the knee joint and ankle joint, will be biased as a result of this 3D stretch performed with the knee straight.

The Best Stretches For Runners

After your run, are you looking for some more fantastic stretches? Consider watching and following along with this video!

Dead Bug- Anti-rotation, Band

It is critical to correct core imbalances since they are a risk factor for lower extremity injuries.

Side Plank – Hip Abduction

During physical activities such as walking, jogging, and other activities, certain hip muscles assist in stabilizing our pelvis.

This side plank with hip abduction is one of the most effective gluteus medius activation exercises you can perform!

Single Leg Woodpecker

If you are flat-footed or have poor control of your foot, it is critical that you strengthen the muscles that support your foot from within.

Eccentric Single Leg Heel Raise – Knee Bent

In order for muscles to be stronger against gravity as they lengthen, eccentric exercises are required. This is especially true in sports and other daily tasks such as gardening.

Seated Ankle Dorisflexion – Kettlebell

This is an excellent method of strengthening the dorsiflexors of the foot/ankle complex, which are frequently the source of shin splints. Keep your attention on carefully lowering the weight back to the floor in order to reap the greatest benefit from this action.

Return to Activity

Here are some more important considerations and workout recommendations for returning to your normal activities after suffering from shin splints.

Rules to Follow For Return To Running

It is highly recommended that when it is time to run, you follow the University of Delaware Return to Running Protocol. Two easy running changes that can assist you avoid future shin splint aggravation are as follows.

  • Running’softly’ entails producing as little noise as possible with each step.
  • Lower Ground Reaction Forces (GRF), which are simply the forces placed on the body when you run when you make contact with the ground, are connected with greater step pace. Recently, a fantastic paper was published in which it was demonstrated that this can lower the incidence of bone stress injuries.

Plyometric Exercises

In this case, the exercise is at a lower degree of difficulty and can be introduced when an athlete is just becoming exposed to jumping activity. When it comes to advancing jumping and plyometric activities, there is a logical progression. Continue reading about Plyometric Progressions for Rehabilitation!

Closing Thoughts

In your role as a healthcare professional, it might be difficult to determine the exact cause of a patient’s lower leg discomfort. Furthermore, it is critical to get an appropriate diagnosis in order to prevent these injuries from becoming more serious. Shin splints are characterized by a progressive ache in the lower leg that becomes more severe the more tension is placed on this part of the body. Shin splints are caused by overuse of the lower leg. Recovery will be optimized if you begin with relative rest and work your way up to foundational activities that address any impairments that may be present.


  1. Winters, K. K., Kostishak, N., McLeod, T. V., and Welch Bacon, C. E. Winters, K. K., Kostishak, N., McLeod, T. V., and Welch Bacon, C. E. (2014). Treatment of Medial Tibial Stress Syndrome: A Systematic Review and Discussion. 19 (4), 27-31
  2. Fredericson, M., Bergman A., Hoffman K. L., Dillingham M. S. International Journal of Athletic Therapy Training, 19 (4), 27-31
  3. Bergman A. G., Fredericson M., Bergman A., Hoffman K. L., Dillingham M. (1994). A novel magnetic resonance imaging grading system was used to determine the course of damage from shin splints to stress fractures in runners. In: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, volume 75, number 10, page 1026 (doi:10.1016/0003-9993(94)90699-8). Also in: Hak, D. J., Fitzpatrick, D, Bishop, J. A., Marsh, J. L., Tilp, S., Schnettler, R., Alt, V., and Fitzpatrick, D. (2014). Epidemiology, clinical concerns, and financial considerations of delayed unionization and nonunionization. The Journal of Injury Research and Treatment, Volume 45, Issue 2, April 2014, doi:10.1016/j.injuryresearchandtreatment.2014.04.002
  4. Moen, M H
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  16. F J. (2010). Medial tibial stress syndrome is associated with a number of risk factors and prognosis markers. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 34-39, doi:10.1111/j.1600-0838.2010.01144.x
  17. Doi:10.1111/j.1600-0838.2010.01144.x

About The Author

Temple University awarded Sherif a Bachelor of Science Degree with a specialization in Kinesiology after he completed his undergraduate studies there. Later, he earned his Doctorate of Physical Therapy from DeSales University, where he obtained accolades such as the professional excellence award and the research excellence award for his work in the field. Following completion of his graduate education, he worked as the Chief Resident of the St. Luke’s Orthopedic Physical Therapy Residency Program for two years.

When it comes to studying how mobility impairments effect function, Sherif is particularly interested in supporting lifestyle modifications in order to avoid recurrences of injury.

He has also been active in the development of young soccer players’ athleticism and performance.

Disclaimer: The material provided on this website is meant solely for informational and educational reasons and is not intended to be used as medical advice.

7 Shin Splint Stretches for Recovery and Prevention

Shin splints are a painful condition that may be prevented or recovered from with the use of the stretches outlined in this article. We’ll also provide you with some preventative and healing advice from a medical professional. It’s critical to stretch out your calf muscles, namely your gastrocnemius and soleus. They go from your knee to your heel and are the largest muscles in the rear of your leg. Each calf muscle should be stretched independently. Consider attempting these seven stretches.

  1. Support yourself by placing your hands on a wall or on the back of a chair. Put one foot in front of the other. Keep your feet level on the ground and your toes pointed straight ahead. Maintaining a straight back leg while keeping your back heel down, bend your front knee until you feel a stretch in the calf of your back leg
  2. Make sure to maintain a straight back during the stretch. For a minimum of 30 seconds, maintain the stretch. Repetition of the stretch 2 or 3 times is recommended, with a goal of stretching 3 times each day.
  1. Hands on a wall or the back of a chair to provide support Put one foot in front of the other. Keep your feet flat on the ground and pointing straight forward
  2. Gently bend your front knee. Bend your back knee while keeping your back heel on the ground. Hold the stretch for at least 30 seconds if it’s difficult to keep your heel down. If it’s difficult to keep your heel down, decrease your stride. Repetition of the stretch 2 or 3 times is recommended, with a goal of stretching 3 times each day.
  1. Doing this exercise while standing on a stair step, a curb, a step stool, or a thick phone book are all acceptable options. Remember to hang onto a railing or something hefty for balance with at least one hand at all times. Put your feet on the stair step (or whichever surface you’ve selected for this exercise) with the balls of your feet on the edge of the step
  2. Reduce the amount of time you allow one heel to dangle off the step until you feel a stretch in the back of your leg and around your Achilles
  3. Maintain your position for 30 seconds. Repeat 2 to 3 times, up to a maximum of 5 times each day.
  1. Standing on the floor, flex your lower leg, placing your heel on the floor, and then repeat on the other side. Wrap an exercise band, a towel, or a belt over the ball of your foot to prevent it from rolling. Take a slow, deliberate step back with your toe and hold it for 15 to 30 seconds. Repeat the process 2 to 4 times.

In addition to standing, you may execute this stretch while sitting in a chair with one leg outstretched and your heel on the ground. Slowly bring your toe closer to you by wrapping the band or towel over your heel and pulling it in. The front (front) of your tibia muscle is stretched during this workout.

  1. Place your feet flat on the floor in front of you, your toes pointing slightly inward, and your hands on the floor in front of you
  2. To intensify the stretch, bend forward and elevate yourself up, resting on your toes, to expand the range of motion. Hold the stretch for 15 to 30 seconds
  3. Then release it.
  1. Take a seat on the floor or on a bench. Using an exercise band, wrap it around something stable and loop it over the top of your foot
  2. Flex your ankle toward you while keeping your toes pointing up for the count of two. Return your ankle to the ground until the count of four is reached. 2 to 3 sets of 10 to 20 repetitions each day are recommended.
  1. Maintain a shoulder-width distance between your feet. Raise your heels to the count of two, and then drop them to the count of four, and so on. Assume that you’re standing on the tips of your toes. If you want assistance, you can lean against a chair or a wall. 2 to 3 sets of 10 to 20 repetitions each day are recommended.

If you want to make the workout more difficult, try performing it on one leg. Alternatively, you can point your foot in or out to work a different portion of the muscle. What measures can you take to avoid shin splints? Jody Coluccini, a physical therapist, was the one who answered our question. In addition to having a degree in physical therapy, she has been in practice for 39 years. She is now receiving treatment at Cape Cod Rehab in Massachusetts.


Coluccini stressed that the first step in preventing shin splints is to wear the proper footwear. Excessive or prolonged pronation (walking with your feet rolled inward or downward) places excessive stress on the posterior tibial tendon, which inserts directly on the tibia, according to the author of the article. The orthotics may be custom made or purchased over the counter, according to Coluccini, but you “should have them checked and fitted by an expert for comfort and correction of aberrant mechanics,” he said.

And purchasing new shoes when your old ones begin to exhibit symptoms of wear, such as a scuffing on the bottom of the shoe that is unevenly worn down.


The strengthening of ankle and foot muscles, as well as the knee, hip, and core, was recommended by Coluccini in order to “get more effective mechanics.” Stretching any stiff muscles, “particularly the calves (gastrocnemius and soleus),” she said, was also recommended. In addition to mild plyometrics (jumping exercises) and dynamic stretching, Coluccini recommended that athletes warm up before and cool down after activities or sports. Coluccini recommends increasing the intensity of any activity or training level gradually.

  1. While you’re mending, consider taking it easy or switching to lower-impact activities such as elliptical, biking, or swimming.” Last but not least, Coluccini advised that you “maintain a healthy weight” (for you).
  2. ” How long would it take for you to heal from shin splints?
  3. Although not well understood, it is a common injury among runners, dancers, athletes, and members of the military.
  4. After a period of rest, ice, and low-impact activities, the majority of individuals are back to normal.
  5. The doctor can examine your leg to determine whether there is another condition causing your leg discomfort, such as a stress fracture or tendinitis.
  6. However, there are steps you may do to avoid them.

More research is needed to understand which activities are the most beneficial to those with Alzheimer’s. If your discomfort persists or worsens, consult your doctor to rule out the possibility that you have another medical condition.

Shin Splints Symptoms, Treatment, Recovery, and Prevention from WebMD

After a daily run or even just rushing to catch the bus, do your shins throb and pain like crazy? It’s possible that you have shin splints. It’s possible that a doctor will refer to it as medial tibial stress syndrome. Stress on your shinbone and the connective tissues that link your muscles to your bones is the root of the problem. They become inflamed and uncomfortable as a result. This common issue can be caused by any of the following:

  • When the impact of a step causes your foot’s arch to collapse (this is referred to as overpronation by your doctor), you have flat feet. Shoes that don’t fit properly or don’t give adequate support
  • Exercising without performing any warm-up or cool-down stretches
  • Ankles, hips, and core muscles that are weak

If you are physically active, you may experience them if you make unexpected changes to your routine, such as increasing the intensity, frequency, or duration of your exercises.

How Are They Treated?

They are frequently able to recover on their own. If you see a doctor, you can expect to have a full physical examination. They might want to keep an eye on you while you’re running to search for concerns. In addition, they may do X-rays or bone scans to check for fractures.

  • Allow your body to rest. It will take time to recover. To relieve pain and swelling, apply ice to the affected area. Maintain the routine for 20-30 minutes every 3 to 4 hours for 2 to 3 days, or until the discomfort has subsided
  • Insoles or orthotics can be used to improve the comfort of your shoes. Inserts for your shoes – which may be created to order or purchased off the market – may be beneficial if your arches collapse or flatten as you stand up
  • Take anti-inflammatory pain relievers if you feel the need to do so. Pain and swelling can be reduced with the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medicines (NSAIDs), such as aspirin, ibuprofen, and naproxen. These medications, however, can have negative side effects, such as an increased risk of bleeding and ulcers. Follow the directions on the label, unless your doctor instructs you to do differently.

4 Signs Your Shin Splints Have Healed

When the following occurs, you will know they have fully recovered:

  • Your wounded limb has the same range of motion as your other leg. Despite being damaged, your injured limb feels as powerful as your other leg. You can exert considerable force on areas that were previously painful. You can jog, sprint, and leap without experiencing any discomfort.

Unfortunately, there is no way to predict when your leg pain will go completely. It all depends on what triggered them in the first place. People also recover at varying speeds; it is not uncommon for it to take 3 to 6 months. The most essential thing is to not hurry back into your sport after taking a break. If you begin working out before your shin has fully healed, you risk injuring yourself permanently. While your shin splints are healing, try a new low-impact exercise that won’t bother them any further.

If your shin splints don’t improve after a few weeks or if they recur, your doctor may recommend that you consult a physical therapist.

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A therapist can also assist you in easing the discomfort and resuming your sport activities.

Exercises for Medial Tibial Stress Syndrome (AKA ‘Shin Splints’)

Our writings are not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice. If you have sustained an injury, we urge that you get medical attention from a trained practitioner. You may make an appointment with Tom Goom (also known as “the running doctor”) by visiting our clinic website. We provide both in-person and online exams and consultations to our clients. If we talk about rehab in generic terms, such as “strengthen x,y,z,” or “increase movement control,” we don’t often go into detail about what these terms entail in practice.

Specifically, Ben is a young male middle-distance runner who is being treated in this instance.

Although he has made significant progress since the first session, during which even jogging on the spot was excruciating, prolonged runs of more than 45 minutes cause considerable soreness in the medial tibia.

He is progressively re-introducing high-intensity workouts under the supervision of his running coach, and he is doing a great job.

Control of single leg balance and single leg dip is good, and it is equally effective on both sides of the body. Ben works with a S C Coach and goes to the gym three days a week. He is excited to have a variety of activities to choose from to work on. Our objectives are as follows, in broad strokes:

  • In order to increase local load capacity in the calf complex, Improve the kinetic chain’s load capacity by taking into account the essential muscles that assist in load management. Weight-bearing activities should be included to increase bone load capacity.

As a result, Ben’s schedule looks like this: Let’s go over each exercise one by one. 1. Taking the next step Straightforward, yet quite effective! With step-ups, researchers were able to increase Glute Max activity while also training Glute Med and offering a proprioceptive challenge (Reiman et al. 2012). During the stance phase of running, the gluteal muscles are critical in absorbing the weight. This exercise is performed first and foremost for its control element; doing it after being weary from the previous exercises may result in movement quality being compromised.

  1. 2.
  2. According to Hamner et al.
  3. 3.
  4. Upon MTSS, the soleus muscle is regarded to be particularly significant because it aids in reducing the bending force that the tibia feels during impact, which is thought to be a critical factor in the development of bone stress injury (Warden et al.
  5. 4.
  6. Specifically, the goal is to 1) prolong the lever in order to test the posterior chain, and 2) work the soleus (once more!).
  7. When it comes to the swing phase, hamstrings are the most active.

5) Hip hitches (also known as the ‘Pelvic Drop’) Ben’s examination found that he had a Glute Med weakness, which this treatment is intended to remedy.

Increasing the weight on the opposing hand is a straightforward step.

Calf lifts with a straight leg These will help to strengthen the gastroc and soleus muscles.

Ben is a forefoot striker, and studies has shown that this type of hit places more demands on the calf complex (Almonroeder et al.

We want to make certain that he has the necessary strength to handle this burden.

Leg raise while resting on your side When used with limited anterior hip flexor activation, this old chestnut works Glute Med (McBeth et al.

It’s a reasonably straightforward workout for strengthening the isolated Glute Med.

The reason I included this at the end is that once you’ve pushed your glutes to exhaustion, controlling the rest of your body becomes quite difficult!

Currently, the rep range is between 8 to 15 repetitions each set.

If Ben does not attain exhaustion within this time frame, he must make the exercise more difficult by raising the weight, increasing the range of motion, or increasing the time under stress.

Communication is critical in this situation — Ben is satisfied with his activities and understands how to move through each of them.

It should be noted that the exercise image above is not a recipe for MTSS; rather, it is a snapshot of one patient’s exercises and the reasons why we chose to employ them.

I don’t believe there is a right or wrong method to prescribe workouts, but I believe it is beneficial to have a thought process and to be open to receiving criticism.

Sam is the Head of Rehab Physiotherapy for the Rochester Amerks, and he has an outstanding blog as well as some fantastic research on exercise selection and progression published in journals. He brought out three important points:

  1. You don’t have to work until you’re exhausted in order to grow stronger, and you’d want to think about the influence of working until you’re exhausted on his running and other training activities. When it comes to managing concurrent training, data shows that working to failure may not be the best option for maximizing performance improvements. It is important to note, however, that the bulk of this study has been conducted in healthy persons who have not been injured
  2. Muscle tiredness is believed to be a significant role in the development of bone stress injury. In order to better imitate the loading characteristics of longer runs, you may wish to concentrate on proprioception and glute strength in a tired condition. Impact work might be included as a progression to enhance bone load capacity and active stiffness in the calf complex.

Sam makes some excellent observations, and I believe that it is critical to establish a balance between rehabilitation and running. We’ve collaborated with Ben’s Strength and Conditioning (S C) and Running Coaches to build a schedule that allows for proper recuperation between strength and running workouts. As an additional component of his rehabilitation regimen, Ben has lately begun performing low-level plyometric exercises, with an emphasis on controlled, comfortable impact. Sam was very correct in his assessment!

  1. It’s also critical that they understand why they’re doing it and how it will assist them in achieving their objectives.
  2. For one week, if you recommend workouts, try following one of the programs you’ve supplied — it’ll be worth it.
  3. My final point is critical.
  4. Send me an email if you’d like to give an example of workouts you’ve used to help runners improve their performance and the reasons behind them, and we’ll include the finest ones on the site.

8 Exercises to Reduce Shin Splint Pain

It occurs much too frequently. In the beginning, you begin to spend more time on the treadmill and record more miles, but just as you begin to settle into a routine, you are interrupted by an injury. Even while this isn’t a serious ailment, it can be debilitating because it manifests itself after only a few kilometers of jogging. As a result, you find yourself having difficulty getting adequate rest, and you end up changing your workout program or cutting back on cardio entirely. You most certainly have shin splints, which are painful and debilitating.

Pain in your lower leg that can be caused by minor stress fractures in the shin, overly tight muscles, or overuse and repetitive stress is what we’re talking about here.

If you have shin discomfort when running, your first line of defense should be to avoid jogging on hard surfaces, minimize the frequency of your runs and your weekly distance, and warm up appropriately.

So, where do you even start? Performing these eight stretches and exercises will take no more than 15 minutes and will assist to alleviate your current discomfort while also helping to avoid future shin splints.

Stephanie Main

In addition to being a licensed yoga instructor and CrossFit coach, Stephanie Main is a writer and the founder of Endure Yoga. She is situated in the San Francisco Bay Area, where she works as a CrossFit trainer and as a yoga instructor at Yoga Flow SF. Team ICG Indoor Cycling Instructor and CPR/AED Certified. She holds a 500-hour Registered Yoga Teacher certification from the Yoga Alliance, is a CrossFit Level 2 Coach, a CrossFit Mobility Trainer, and a CrossFit Mobility Trainer certification.

In addition to being a licensed yoga instructor and CrossFit coach, Stephanie Main is a writer and the founder of Endure Yoga.

Team ICG Indoor Cycling Instructor and CPR/AED Certified.

Stephanie may be found on her Endure Yoga website, as well as on Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram.

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The Best Exercises for Shin Splints in Runners

This is, to put it mildly, revolting. Shin splints are causing you pain on the inside of your shin, and you are certain that it is the cause of your discomfort. Every year, millions of runners suffer from a painful illness known as “medial tibial stress syndrome,” which is a technical term. We’re going to teach you the greatest workouts for shin splints today, so you can get back on the road as soon as possible. Shin splints, like all running-related problems, manifest themselves when your training surpasses your body’s capacity for physical activity on a consistent basis.

It’s better to get on top of this type of discomfort as soon as possible.

Although your body appears to be in excellent condition, it was most likely a few extra kilometers, a faster than normal pace, insufficient sleep, or insufficient calories taken that did you in.

What can runners do about shin splints?

You won’t be able to return to full strength overnight, but committing to strengthening the muscles in your lower leg and performing the best exercises for shin pain three times a week will help you to come back stronger than ever after your injury. This setback has the potential to help you become a better runner in the future. If you strengthen your shins and calves, you could even be able to run longer distances than you were able to before the ailment took its toll. Shin splint exercises that are effective are listed below.

  1. Make sure to perform them after your runs, and avoid doing them on your off days (you need those to heal!).
  2. It’s well worth the effort.
  3. Inversions of the ankles using resistance bands (Exercise 1) The reason it works is that it directly attacks the source of the pain.
  4. Exercise 2: Raises of the Standing Soleus Why it works: The soleus muscle in the running stride carries more weight than any other muscle in the body (study).
  5. Standard Calf Raise (Exercise No.
  6. In order to maintain bone health, stronger muscles must be developed to prevent the bones from being forced to perform all of the work on their own!
  7. Try out the Recover Athletics app for yourself for free!
  8. The beginning of a movement against the traditional mindset that “injuries are just a part of the game.” Every year, millions of runners are forced to miss training days as a result of injury.

Simply said, it is not necessary to operate in this manner, and we will change this. Learn more about the members of our team.

Stretches to Ease and Prevent Shin Splints

Terence Vanderheiden, D.P.M. is a doctor of philosophy. This exercise helps to develop the muscles at the front of your lower legs, which are important for walking.

  • Maintain a comfortable posture with your feet shoulder-width apart. Take a normal-sized step forward with one leg, allowing your heel to make contact with the ground. Bring your foot to a complete stop before the front bottom half of your foot meets the floor. Do not allow the front half of your foot to come into contact with the floor. Step back until your feet are shoulder-width apart and your feet are side by side as they were when you started


  • Begin with three sets of ten exercises and work your way up to three sets of thirty exercises. This should be done three times each day.

The Next Step

Having conquered one normal-sized step, you can progress to a considerably larger step. If it gets too difficult, you might try utilizing a step stool.

  • Stand on the step stool with both feet on the step stool
  • Step down from the stool using only one foot. Your heel should make contact with the ground, but you should halt before the ball of your foot makes contact with the ground.


  • Begin with three sets of ten exercises and work your way up to three sets of thirty exercises. This should be done three times each day.


Foot step holds assist to develop the muscles at the front of your lower legs, which are important for walking. Increase the length of your steps in order to make this workout more difficult to complete.


In runners and other sports, shin splints are a prevalent problem. Fortunately, there are a variety of exercises that can aid in the treatment or prevention of these conditions. These calf and shin strengthening exercises help to stretch and strengthen the muscles in the lower leg. Start with the simplest version of each exercise and progress to the more difficult version when you feel you’re ready to take on the challenge. If you have discomfort, stop.

A Word From Verywell

Shin splints are a painful condition that may derail even the most dedicated runner. In an ideal world, you’d be able to avoid them from occurring at all, but that isn’t always feasible. In addition to stretching, you may lower your chance of developing shin splints by doing the following:

  • Make an effort to run on softer terrain. Make sure you get enough rest in between runs. To minimize heel striking and toe running, especially when jogging downhill, keep your feet planted on the ground.

In addition, there are other factors that might influence the outcome. For example, according to a 2019 research, “kinematics” is extremely important. This is the position in which runners place their feet when they are running. Kinematics can play a significant role in both the prevention and healing from shin splints, and it is crucial to understand how they work. To find out how you can get rid of or prevent the onset of shin splints, it’s a good idea to consult with a physical therapist. Look for someone who has previous expertise assisting athletes who are suffering with this debilitating ailment.

Rehabilitation for Shin Splints

Pain along or just behind the shins is a symptom of shin splints, also known as medial tibial stress syndrome, a frequent exercise-related illness that manifests as a burning sensation along the shins. Pain and slight swelling occur in the lower area of the leg, right below the knee, and these symptoms tend to develop as the person becomes more physically active. Pain in the tibia is caused by inflammation of the thin layer of tissue that covers the bone, but it can also be caused by inflammation of the bone itself and the muscles that connect to it.

Shin splints are a common effect of strenuous physical exercise, and runners, aerobic dancers, and military people are particularly susceptible to the condition due to the constant stress exerted on their lower legs by their jobs.

Rest, application of ice to the afflicted region, and anti-inflammatory medicine are all popular treatments for shin splints, according to the American Academy of Pediatrics.

Patients may work with a physical therapist, and early therapy may involve providing moist heat and massaging the affected area to reduce swelling and relieve discomfort.

Taping the arch of the foot may be beneficial in supporting the tissue and alleviating discomfort. The following are examples of physical therapy treatments:

  • Stretching exercises for the calf and foot muscles
  • Exercises to enhance the arch of the foot
  • Walking or running activities that have been modified to improve foot control

In addition, a physical therapist may assess the patient’s present walking or running manner and give recommendations for methods to reduce overuse or excessive stress when exercising. Furthermore, patients with flat arches may benefit from the use of shock-absorbing shoe insoles, while those with high arches may benefit from the use of shoe inserts, or orthotics, to support the arch of the foot.

Additional Resources

  • MedlinePlus, the National Institutes of Health, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, the United States Department of Health and Human Services, the United States National Library of Medicine, and WebMD are just a few of the resources available.

Stretches and Exercises to Treat Shin Splints

The goal is to get off to a fast start and hit the road with a lot of enthusiasm and determination. However, you will have agony traveling up the inside of your lower thigh from the beginning. The majority of the time, the discomfort subsides while you are exercising. However, the discomfort is usually severe and lasts for many days, making it difficult to continue training. “These pains are a symptom of medial tibial stress syndrome (MTSS), sometimes known as shin splints,” explains the doctor.

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Pain normally builds up over several weeks, and in severe situations, it can make running practically difficult,” explains Sascha Wingenfeld, a running expert and coach.

The following three exercises help prevent shin splints

These exercises and stretches will aid in the healing of shin splints and the reduction of the risk that they may occur again in the future.

1. Heel-to-toe raise:

330 reps every day for 3 days. Step one: Rock back on your heels and lift your toes off the ground. Roll forward onto the tips of your toes, bending your knees as you do so. Concentrate on making a seamless transition from the heel to the toe. Benefits:Stretching and strengthening the shin muscles can help prevent shin splints from preventing you from participating in physical activities.

2. Foot rolling:

Approximately 2-3 minutes per day As you raise your heel, place your forefoot and toes on the ball in a comfortable position. As you move the ball of your foot from left to right, starting with your big toe, try to slowly extend your joints as much as possible. Instructions: For approximately 60 seconds, slowly roll the sole of your foot down the ball while increasing the pressure on sensitive regions. Benefits: Relieves discomfort associated with shin splints by reducing tension in the foot muscles.

Additionally, it feels fantastic on your feet—an added plus!

3. Foot and lower leg strengthening:

330 reps every day for 3 days. Instructions: Wrap a resistance band around your forefoot and press your ankle down as far as you are able on the exercise ball. Make sure to stretch your foot all the way to your big toe and to squeeze as much force out of your foot muscles as you possibly can during this exercise. Advantages: Muscles in the foot and shinbone that are strong are less prone to be harmed. They will also allow you to run for longer periods of time and more frequently without experiencing shin pain.

5 tips to recover from shin splints

Once you begin to experience discomfort, you must act quickly. Ignoring shin splints can only exacerbate the situation. They can even put a halt to your running training for several months at a time.

This type of overuse injury is frequently the consequence of a mix of numerous things in your training program as well as your running style. The following five suggestions can assist you in identifying the cause of the problem and getting you back on your feet pain-free:

Tip 1: Recovery from shin splints means rest

Pain indicates that your body is in need of rest. If your shin discomfort is not severe, short and extremely gentle runs are appropriate for you to do. The only thing that can be done to alleviate acute discomfort is to refrain from jogging for a few days. Because this is an overuse injury, you must allow sufficient time for the afflicted muscles to recuperate.

Tip2: Use your break for something new

However, just because you have had to quit training due of shin splints does not imply you have to stop exercising altogether. Low-impact sports are a fantastic method to not only rehabilitate from an injury, but also to come back stronger than ever when you have recovered. Swimming, aqua jogging, cycling, and inline skating are all activities that provide a refreshing change of pace. The Runtastic Training app includes routines that will help you build muscle in areas that have been ignored, which is beneficial when you are unable to run.

Tip 3: Focus on running technique

Shin splints are a warning indication that you need to concentrate on improving your running form to avoid further injury. Maintaining ground contact for an excessive amount of time while bearing the whole weight of your body might cause your foot and lower leg to become overloaded. In the same way, if your foot lands too far in front of your torso, you will be injured (overstriding). When you are able to return to exercise after a period of recovery, these specialized running routines can help you avoid shin splints.

Tip 4: Strengthen your feet

Shin splints are a common problem for persons who have poor foot stability. In addition, overpronation (an excessive inward roll of the foot after landing) places a significant amount of strain on the muscles in your feet. Invest in running shoes that provide adequate support for your foot in order to compensate for any potential weak points.

Tip 5: Take care of your body

Stretching and strengthening exercises for the calves and feet might help you maintain pain-free mobility after you have recovered from shin splints. It is recommended that you do these before and after your run. These exercises aid in the warming up of the muscles that help to keep your foot steady when you are out running. However, running barefoot is a great technique to build foot strength, so use caution when doing so.

Where does the pain come from?

You have pain in your leg where your calf muscles attach to your shinbone. In technical words, the discomfort occurs at the insertion point, which is the location at which the tibialis posterior and soleus muscles join to the shinbone via the periosteum, or outer surface of the bone, as described above. These muscles are in charge of maintaining adequate tension in the arch of the foot, which is necessary for running performance. If the muscle cells in the area surrounding your shins get inflamed and overworked, they might stiffen.

It is for this reason that describing and pinpointing the source of lower leg discomfort is so challenging.

How to (safely) return to exercise after shin splints

Shin splints are more likely to occur when you increase your running intensity and/or volume in a short period of time. Keep an eye out for the finest recuperation strategies, especially after long runs or challenging exercises.

Don’t over-intensify your workout for an extended period of time. Better better, adopt a training plan that is customized to your needs and that strikes a balance between fitness improvements and adequate rest.

Change your route

The most detrimental effect on your body occurs while you are jogging downhill. Without perfect form, the foot has a tendency to fall too much in front of the knee (overstriding), putting a great deal of strain on your muscles and causing injury. This is why, when your shin splints are extremely acute, you should run on a flat surface to avoid aggravating the situation.

Start slowly and carefully

Exercise and training should be resumed only once the discomfort from shin splints has subsided. Make use of a professionally planned training plan that is suited to your specific fitness requirements and goals. Stretches for shin splints should be included, as should strengthening exercises for neglected muscles. Your body is your sole possession; care for it and it will take good care of you. ***

Shin Splints

Do you have shin discomfort while jogging, leaping, participating in sports, or engaging in other activities? For more information on shin splints, see this blog post, which includes exercise progressions with specific sets and repetitions for you to follow.

Medial Tibial Stress Syndrome (MTSS)

A fancy way of describing that the inside of your shin hurts is called medial tibial stress syndrome in the medical field, which is spelled out as “medial tibial stress syndrome.” Winters et al. (2017) created a sequential procedure for assessing the condition, which is as follows: 1. Do you have discomfort when you exercise along the inside area of your shin? 2. 2. Does your discomfort worsen when you engage in physical activity and improve when you rest? If you responded “no” to either of those questions, you are most likely not suffering from shin splints at this time.

  • Do you feel cramping or searing sensation in your calf?
  • 4.
  • For people who replied “yes” to either of those questions, it is possible that you may need to examine alternative diagnoses, such as chronic exertional compartment syndrome.
  • Do you feel palpable pain that is more than 5cm in length and that you can identify with your fingers?
  • Last but not least, do you have any indications or symptoms that are not connected with Medial Tibial Stress Syndrome, such as redness or swelling?

Who gets shin splints? Why?

Papers by Becker and colleagues The most prevalent running-related injury, according to Mulvad et al (2018), is Medial Tibial Stress Syndrome, however the specific nature of the ailment is not well recognized. According to recent study conducted by Winters et al in 2018, it is possible that the cause is a bone overload damage. Running puts stress on the bones because of the muscular contractions that occur as well as the impact of landing on the ground. Loading causes microdamage, and remodeling takes place, which is natural and can result in stronger, denser bone over time.

Known as an error in workload by Warden et al in 2021, this refers to a situation in which your weekly running pace, distance, and/or frequency were greater than what you were capable of handling.

Understanding that the poison is also the antidote is the most crucial thing to remember. It is the goal of rehabilitation to determine the appropriate amount of loading that will result in favorable changes.

Load ManagementActivity Modifications

If you’re experiencing discomfort while performing everyday tasks such as walking or going up and down stairs, you’re probably overdoing it. It’s possible that you’ll have to reduce your running distance or intensity, or that you’ll have to take a break from it entirely. As a result, you should aim to maintain your cardiovascular fitness by participating in other low-impact activities such as swimming and cycling. When it comes to basketball and other sports, the same thought process would be applied.

Resistance Exercises

In addition to the suggestions made by Winters and Warden et al, study conducted by Becker et al in 2018 that indicated hip abductor muscle weakness as a possible risk factor, and the demands of running in general, the resistance workouts are based on the following: They are intended to be used in conjunction with your running or cross-training, rather than as a substitute. In a perfect world, you would practice the exercises twice per week and keep your pain level at or below a 2/10.

Exercise1: Front Foot Elevated Split Squat

Start with your front foot lifted 4-8 inches off the ground by utilizing a step, plate, curb, or other item to raise it off the ground. Drive your front knee into the wall in front of you until you are unable to lower yourself any farther down the ladder. You may either maintain your back knee straight or allow it to bend as needed depending on the amount of hip extension range of motion you have available. If it becomes too difficult, you can use your hands to assist with balance.

Exercise2: Single Leg RDL w/ Knee Drive

Stand on one leg with a small bend in both knees, hinge at the hips until your torso is almost parallel to the ground, and then raise your knee toward the ceiling. Repeat on the other leg. Repetition of this action is required without putting your foot to the ground. Once again, if you find this too difficult, you may use your hands to assist with balance.

Exercise3: Heel Raise

Standing at the edge of a step on one leg, raise your foot as high as you possibly can on the ball of your foot, and then bring yourself down until you feel a stretch in your calf muscle, repeat. If this is too difficult, try standing on two legs or starting on level ground. Concentrate on completing three sets of six to fifteen hard repetitions at a moderate speed for the first three exercises. Increase the weight if necessary.

Exercise4: Dorsiflexion

Place your foot on the edge of a bench with your ankle falling off the edge. Attach a band or weight to the top of your foot and move the top of your foot closer to your face to complete the exercise. Assume a moderate pace and complete three sets of 20-25 repetitions per set.

Exercise5: Standing Fire Hydrant

As you stand on one leg with a band around your knees, widen the band by separating your knees and try to maintain as much stillness as you can. Aim for three sets of 30-45 second holds each leg, with each set lasting 30 to 45 seconds. If weightbearing activities are not comfortable at first, you can substitute non-weightbearing exercises such as leg extensions and leg curls for them.

Plyometric Exercises

You’ll want to incorporate pain-free plyometric workouts into your recovery program at some time. Here’s an excerpt from Warden and colleagues in 2021: It is necessary that the loads imposed surpass those experienced during everyday activities in order to have an influence on bone health (ie, endurance running). The bone characteristics of the lower extremities may be improved by a jumping program that (1) applies increasingly larger loads over time, (2) contains few loading repetitions each session, (3) happens multiple times a day, and (4) occurs on at least three days per week.” A maximal vertical jump and a lateral jump are two alternatives to consider.

The lateral leaps may be progressed to single-limb choices that include obstacles and different planes of motion as well as other planes of motion.

On at least three days each week, exercise sets should be completed every 4 hours for 5 minutes (with bouts of 40 seconds of repetitions followed by 20 seconds of rest) in a 5 minute session. Weight vests or hand weights can be used to advance all of the exercises.

Return to Running

The process of returning to your prior level of function will take time, patience, and a dedication to following a well-defined strategy. According to a study conducted by Moen et al in 2012, it took participants more than 100 days to complete a running program that culminated in their ability to run for 18 minutes on concrete at a moderate effort. In 2019, Winters predicted that someone who has been having symptoms for three months or longer may require rehabilitation for nine to twelve months.

Warden and colleagues (2014) presented a graded jogging program for those who have had a bone stress injury.

The second step is to walk for 9 minutes, jog for 1 minute, and repeat this process twice more.

This procedure will be repeated until you are able to jog for a continuous period of 30 minutes.

As a result, the jogging portion of the walk/jog progression should be completed at half your typical rate.

As soon as you’ve completed 30 minutes of jogging, you may gradually increase the intensity of your workout until you’re able to run for 30 minutes at your typical speed.

Gait Retraining

Luedke et al. in 2016 and Kliethermes et al. in 2021 conducted prospective study and discovered that a “lower running step rate was related with a larger chance of shin injury” or bone stress damage. However, the “ideal” rate is thought to be somewhere in the range of 180 steps per minute, but this will vary from one individual to another. For example, increasing your step rate by 5 percent and titrating up or down from there is a simple way to improve your overall fitness.

Guidelines, Not Rules

Please keep in mind that this video is intended to provide suggestions rather than hard and fast regulations. Not everyone will benefit from increasing their step rate or performing all of the activities on the list. You may share this information with your physical therapist in order to come up with the best treatment plan for your specific requirements and circumstances. Moreover, conditions such as Relative Energy Deficiency Syndrome, as discussed by Mountjoy et al in 2014, can have detrimental effects on bone health, so you may need to consult with your medical doctor or other healthcare professional about nutrition, supplementation, medication, and other options.

Thank you for taking the time to read this. Check out the video and feel free to leave any questions or comments in the comments section.

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