The rehabbing definition is when an investor renovates a property to improve it. Rehabbing can be approached several ways but is most often purchased at a discounted price and renovated intending to resell. This process is also known as house flipping.
Rehab House meaning
- A house rehab is the process of taking a property and restoring and improving upon it. This usually helps boost the property into satisfactory, or even superb, condition without drastically changing the floor plan. According to Homeadvisor.com, the national average for this type of undertaking costs $39,567,
- 1 Is rehabbing a house worth it?
- 2 What is a rehab house?
- 3 What are the steps to rehab a house?
- 4 What does a full rehab consist of?
- 5 How much does it cost to fully rehab a house?
- 6 Why do people buy fixer uppers?
- 7 What is the difference between rehab and renovation?
- 8 Do you rehab house interior or exterior first?
- 9 Can you do rehab at home?
- 10 How much does it cost to restore an old house?
- 11 Is it cheaper to renovate or build new?
- 12 What does a rehabilitation do?
- 13 How do I get money to rehab my house?
- 14 What do you mean by rehab?
- 15 8 Stages Of A Real Estate Rehab Deal
- 16 Rehab Real Estate Definition
- 17 How To Rehab Real Estate Properties
- 18 Summary
- 19 What’s The Difference Between a Fixer-Upper and a Rehab Home
- 20 Know the Difference: Fixer Uppers vs. Rehab Homes
- 21 How to Rehab a House: 10 Straightforward Steps to Follow
- 22 What is a House Rehab?
- 23 Average Cost to Rehab a House
- 24 How to Rehab a House in 10 Steps
- 24.1 1. Evaluate Current Property Condition
- 24.2 2. Calculate ARV and Offer Price
- 24.3 3. Create a Rehab Checklist
- 24.4 4. Calculate a Budget
- 24.5 5. Hire a General Contractor
- 24.6 6. Pull Permits
- 24.7 7. Begin Demolition
- 24.8 8. Start Exterior Improvements
- 24.9 9. Complete Interior Rehab
- 24.10 10. Execute The Exit Strategy
- 25 Renovations with the Largest Potential ROI
- 26 How to Rehab a Property in the Proper Order
- 27 About This Article
- 28 Did this article help you?
- 29 The Basics of Flipping a Property
- 30 The Difference Between a Rehab Property and a “Fixer-Upper”
- 31 What Are the Steps to Rehabbing and Flipping a Property?
- 32 Flipping vs. Buy-and-Hold: Which is the Best Real Estate Investment Strategy?
- 33 What Are the Risks of Rehabbing and Flipping a Property?
- 34 Takeaways
- 35 Free Subscriber Toolbox
Is rehabbing a house worth it?
A fixer-upper may be a good investment. But it can also be a huge money pit if you estimate renovations incorrectly, contract out for most projects, and skip an inspection. To ensure a fixer-upper house is well worth the money, look at comparable homes (known in real estate as comps) in the neighborhood.
What is a rehab house?
A house rehab is the process of taking a property and restoring and improving upon it. This usually helps boost the property into satisfactory, or even superb, condition without drastically changing the floor plan. According to Homeadvisor.com, the national average for this type of undertaking costs $39,567.
What are the steps to rehab a house?
Although the exact rehab process will vary based on the property and the exit strategy, there are 10 general steps to follow to rehab a house:
- Evaluate Current Property Condition.
- Calculate ARV and Offer Price.
- Create a Rehab Checklist.
- Calculate a Budget.
- Hire a General Contractor.
- Pull Permits.
- Begin Demolition.
What does a full rehab consist of?
Fixing up a rehab often means replacing floors, along with significant systems in the home, such as the electrical, heating and plumbing. Most importantly, you need to assess the property before you even call in the home inspector.
How much does it cost to fully rehab a house?
Cost to rehab a house. The average cost to rehab a house is $20,000 to $75,000 or $20 to $50 per square foot. A full gut rehab costs $100,000 to $200,000 to remodel a house completely. Generally, the cost per square feet gets cheaper as the house size increases.
Why do people buy fixer uppers?
Buying fixer-upper homes is currently a popular investment in the housing market, especially since lower-priced houses increase housing confidence in home buyers. On the one hand, it is a great way to purchase a home below market value and sell it for more than you paid.
What is the difference between rehab and renovation?
Renovation is the process of making something look and function like new. Rehabilitation: Rehabilitation means something very similar to renovation, but it is often used in a slightly different context.
Do you rehab house interior or exterior first?
Do all of the foundational and exterior work first. It’s natural to want to move on to the next phase of your project, but ensure the house is sound before you begin interior work. That means replacing windows and putting on a new roof if needed.
Can you do rehab at home?
Rehab at Home is a hospital substitute treatment program for rehab services in the comfort of your home rather than staying in hospital. It lets you receive short-term therapy services like physio and wound care after surgery at home – as long as your doctor agrees!
How much does it cost to restore an old house?
Depending on the square footage, the average cost to gut and remodel a house can be anywhere between $100,000 – $200,000⁴. Gut renovation cost per square foot ranges between $60 – $150 and includes new plumbing, appliances, structural improvements, a new roof and an HVAC.
Is it cheaper to renovate or build new?
As a rule of thumb, renovations are often less expensive than building new. However, if you’re renovating a particularly old building that’s seen better days, this may not be the case.
What does a rehabilitation do?
Rehabilitation is care that can help you get back, keep, or improve abilities that you need for daily life. These abilities may be physical, mental, and/or cognitive (thinking and learning). You may have lost them because of a disease or injury, or as a side effect from a medical treatment.
How do I get money to rehab my house?
It can be in the form of:
- A purchase mortgage, with additional funds for renovations.
- A refinance of your current mortgage with a cash payout for home improvements.
- A home equity loan or line of credit (HELOC)
- An unsecured personal loan.
- A government loan, such as Fannie Mae HomeStyle loan or FHA 203(k) loan.
What do you mean by rehab?
Definition of rehab 1: the action or process of rehabilitating: rehabilitation especially: a program for rehabilitating especially drug or alcohol abusers. 2: a rehabilitated building or dwelling.
8 Stages Of A Real Estate Rehab Deal
The Most Important Takeaways
- What exactly is a real estate rehabilitation project? There are eight steps to real estate rehabbing.
Many aspects of life may be summarized as “By the yard it’s hard, by the inch its a piece of cake,” and this is certainly true in the case of the often-overwhelming idea known as real estate rehabdeal. Despite the fact that rebuilding real estate may be a successful and thrilling type of wealth-building, it can also be a complicated endeavor with more moving parts than a vehicle engine. Nonetheless, by fully comprehending the process of how a house flip works—as well as what a real estate rehabber performs from beginning to end—you will not only gain more information, but your rehab investor IQ will soar to unprecedented levels.
Rehab Real Estate Definition
It is common for investors to acquire a house, renovate it to their specifications and then resell the property for a profit. Depending on the amount of work required, many projects might take anywhere from a few weeks to several months to complete. This is one of the most widely used departure tactics in the industry, and for good reason: it works. Real estate rehab properties may provide substantial profit margins while also assisting investors in expanding their portfolio and network. What it takes to rehab real estate is explained by Nate Tsang, founder and CEO of WallStreetZen, in the following way: “Rehabbers make their money on the backend, but a reduced price on the front end is like a coupon.” Rest assured, however, that just because a rehabber purchases a house at a discount does not imply that they are not extracting the most value from that property.”
How To Rehab Real Estate Properties
Fortunately, understanding how to accomplish a real estate renovation is not as difficult as it may appear at first glance. Even though it will take planning and hard work, by following these steps, you may increase the likelihood of your rehab property becoming a success:
- Take a walk around the property to get a better sense of the amount of work that will be required
- Produce a scope of work that outlines the parameters of the rehabilitation project
- Identify the most qualified contractor for the work
- Organize your important paperwork and be ready for the rehabilitation procedure. Begin by submitting an application for the appropriate permits. Manage all parts of the repair project from start to finish
- To complete the project, conduct another walk-through and make any final payments, Prepare the property for sale and hold an open house
1. Preparing/Creating A Plan
Starting your repair project requires more than just taking a casual glance at the improvements that will be required and contacting a contractor. You must first do a thorough inspection of the property to confirm that all components of the real estate building process are proceeding as planned. The following are the two aspects you must consider while developing a strategy:
- Repairs are required: Bring a camera, graph paper, and measurement instruments with you when you go on site to document your findings. These will assist you in compiling a more in-depth evaluation of the property. Take photographs of the problem locations and precise measurements of the repairs that are required. Your photographs can also provide you with before-and-after images of the house that you can display prospective clients. Bring a flashlight with you in case you come across any dark nooks or rooms. The following are renovations that will aid in the sale of the home: Is there a particular space that may benefit from increased natural light? Perhaps a larger window, or perhaps a skylight, might be installed to improve the situation. Is it better to put in carpeting or flooring? What do you think of the color and style? Preserve a record of any improvements that increase the value of the property
When you’re finished, draw a sketch of the property. Create an inventory of the repairs and upgrades you want to see, down to the last square meter, and make a list of them. This will assist you in communicating your concept to your contractors. Another good advice for any repair and flip investor is to always keep an extra lockbox and key on hand in case contractors need to come in and work on the property. The fact that they will no longer need to meet with you each time they require entry to the property will save you time as well.
2. Creating The Scope Of Work
Your ability to work is greatly reliant on your pre-rehab preparation.
This is where you outline the scope of the project so that your contractors are aware of every big and small renovation that has been completed. In order to accomplish this successfully, you must:
- Examine your planning notes and make a list of all the renovations that will be required (e.g., demolitions, removals, floor installs, etc.)
- Prioritize each remodeling according to whether it is a need, a want, or an option to save money. Calculate the cost of each job in advance. You should keep in mind that you can forego optional items if the total cost exceeds your budget. Detail everything that has to be done for each and every repair or remodeling, down to the last fixture, faucet, or piece of furniture that needs to be replaced or repaired. Also, consider whether you can repurpose existing materials rather than purchasing new ones. Finish up by determining the scope of your work based on the pricing estimates for each project. Always keep a contingency plan in place in case of unexpected issues.
Your final scope of work is what you will offer to prospective contractors who will then submit bids on the job you have completed. Never forget to compare the worth of your property after improvements with the values of similar homes in the neighborhood. If you sell your house for more than the market is willing to pay, purchasers will shy away from your property.
3. Hire The Contractor
Your contractor will either make your renovation process simple or difficult. You must take your time when selecting the contractor with whom you will be working on your real estate repair project. Your investor network, websites, job boards, your local building department, supply houses, and local real estate groups are all good places to start looking for contractors. A professional document that will assist you in marketing yourself to potential contractors is the first step in starting your business.
), the type of relationship they may expect from working with you, and what you’re looking for in a contractor.
These particulars contribute to the development of trust and the establishment of your reputation as a dependable real estate rehabber.
Pre-screening interviews can assist you in determining the appropriateness of a contractor.
- Years of experience
- Equipment they own
- Team members
- Licenses and permissions
- Any subcontractors
- Any bankruptcies
- And more. An ability and willingness to suggest potential customers in the future
After they have been pre-screened, you may ask them to submit bids for your project. After that, you should examine each bid you get. (And choose a winner, of course!)
4. Critical Documents
It is possible to sign the contracts once you have analyzed and selected the contractor who is most appropriate for your rehabbing job. Keep in mind that no project should begin unless all parties involved have agreed on the terms and signed the necessary contracts. (This is an absolute requirement.) Make certain that your documentation has the following information:
- Independent Contractor Agreement: Describes in detail every aspect of a job, including the cost. The scope of the work describes the size and restrictions of the project, as well as every single resource that will be used in the project. Dates for payment delivery: When will money be delivered
- A form that specifies the insurance needs of the contractor for their employees and any liabilities that may arise during the course of the project
- W-9 Tax Form: This is a form that is needed by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) for independent contractors. Final Lien Waiver: Although this is for the conclusion of the project, it is ideal if you present the contractor the requirements at the beginning of the project.
Schedule a meeting with all of the people involved to go over the forms after they have been completed (contractors, subcontractors). This will provide you with the assurance that everyone engaged is on the same page, especially when it comes to project specifics, timelines, and money allocation. Accept recommendations and resolve disagreements as soon as possible.
5. Getting Started
Although locating the most qualified contractor is an important step in the renovation process, the preparation work does not end there. Following the selection of the individuals with whom you wish to collaborate, you must secure the required licenses for the job at hand. The precise number of permissions necessary for your project may vary depending on its size and location; nevertheless, the fundamental permits required for any project will be the same regardless of where you are located. Permits are typically required for alterations to load-bearing walls, work on or modification of public utility lines, re-roofing the property, the addition of windows and doors, and even the placement of a dumpster near the property for the convenience of material disposal.
In the event that you fail to comply with local laws, you may be subject to fines or even have liens placed against your property, all of which may reduce your potential earnings from the transaction.
In other situations, investors may even be asked to reverse some repairs that have already been made by the property manager or developer. Be sure to go through all of the local requirements with your contractor before getting started on your renovation project.
6. Managing The Rehab
When you are in the thick of the real rehab process, you will come across five distinct (but equally crucial) stages:
- Demolition and garbage cleanup: Removal of damaged things from the construction site (walls, floors, toilets, piping, etc). Dead trees, shrubs, fences, decks, and other debris would be removed from the outside
- Issues with the foundation and framing: The skeleton of the home is taken care of at this stage. HVAC, plumbing, and electricity: Building inspectors are called in after this step to ensure that the installations have been completed correctly. Insulation: Keep in mind that insulation should only be started after the electrical and plumbing inspections have been completed. Depending on where you are, further examination may be required to determine whether or not you have adequately concealed any wiring, pipe, or ducting. Finishing the trim work and painting: Finishing the trim work and painting are the final steps in your rehabbing process. You will now begin to observe the manifestation of your vision
7. Walk-Through InspectionFinal Payment
Even if you are diligent in your inspections and completely rely on your contractor, there will be a few items that slip through the cracks. It is required to undertake a second tour of the property after all initial inspections have been completed in order to account for this. Check to see if the contractor provided all that was specified in the contracts. Also, don’t forget that final inspections are required in order to complete the process of obtaining your building permits. (Set aside some time for this.) When you are satisfied with the job, you should draft the Final Waiver of Lien, which must be signed by the contractor.
8. Staging (Open House)
You’ve come a long way, but it’s time to put your house on the market now. Essentially, this entails cleaning and preparing the residence for display purposes. A house’s staging provides prospective buyers a sense of how they might make best use of the available space in a given property. Bathroom, master bedroom, kitchen, and living room should all be staged. Give them a sense of what it would be like to live in this house if they were to visit. Additionally, make certain that the exterior is equally as attractive (e.g., lawn, fences).
You want to consider how you can make a positive and long-lasting impact on potential buyers during the sales process.
What actions can you do to assist in the closing of the deal?
The road to becoming a rehab investor might be difficult, especially if you don’t have a lot of experience with real estate rehab projects under your belt already. Notably, by breaking down the home flipping process into seven important steps, you’ll begin to notice that the successful repair and flip investor doesn’t try to accomplish everything at once, which is a good thing to keep in mind. They have a clear understanding of the larger picture. Meanwhile, they maintain a careful check on the day-to-day development of a patient’s treatment and rehabilitation program.
Get ready to start flipping properties in your local market as soon as possible.
It is possible to learn the precise procedures to flip your first house the right way and achieve success in real estate by taking our new online real estate class, which is led by professional investor Than Merrill.
You can learn how to flip properties in your area by attending our FREE 1-Day Real Estate Webinar.
What’s The Difference Between a Fixer-Upper and a Rehab Home
It’s one thing to purchase a property that will require careful loving care on a regular basis. Purchasing a property that requires extensive renovation means embarking on a project that will require more than a fresh coat of paint. For some people, going to rehab is not out of the question; for others, it is best to stay away from such facilities. However, when it comes to purchasing a property that requires rehabilitation, it is important to understand what you are getting yourself into before proceeding.
Let’s take a look at both buying a rehab and buying a fixer-upper in the sections below.
Who Should Buy a Rehab Home?
Pin First and foremost, let us define the difference between a renovation and a fixer-upper property. A home that requires extensive rehabilitation is more than likely a property that has been standing for some time without receiving any care at all. The owners of these types of properties have been experiencing financial troubles for a significant length of time. Because there is a scarcity of funds, items that require attention are frequently disregarded, exacerbating the situation further.
- A rehab house entails a significant amount of additional labor, and you will most likely wind up with a to-do list that is as long as your arm of things to complete.
- Most significantly, you must analyze the property before enlisting the services of a professional house inspector.
- Is the HVAC system salvageable, or has it reached the end of its useful life and will have to be replaced?
- It is possible that doors and windows have reached the end of their useful life.
- The reality is that when it comes to rehabbing real estate, it is all too simple to wind up with merely four sound walls.
- If this is the case, you may want to reconsider your decision to become engaged in such a large-scale initiative.
- If you are a construction contractor, investing in low-cost rehab property is generally a wise decision.
What About a Fixer-Upper?
A fixer-upper, on the other hand, is an entirely different ballgame. The majority of the time, you will be able to get away with changing the kitchen, the flooring, the bathrooms, and decorating the home. Anything more than that, and you’ve crossed the line into rehabilitation area. On top of that, the landscaping will almost certainly require a lot of attention. However, if the swimming pool is in need of repair or renovation, you should rethink your decision before proceeding with the job. In general, a fixer-upper is a good investment for first-time buyers or those who are capable of doing a significant amount of the work themselves.
It all boils down to being honest with yourself and not taking on too much responsibility.
When purchasing a fixer-upper property, there are several aspects to keep in mind. Be completely honest with yourself while considering whether to purchase a rehab or a fixer-upper property.
Learning How to Budget
If you have never worked on a renovation project before, buying a fixer-upper is the greatest option for beginners. Consider it a project and use the opportunity to learn from it. One of the most crucial things you should learn is how to manage your finances. There are undoubtedly advantages and disadvantages to purchasing a fixer-upper. From a positive perspective, it has the potential to be a very effective technique to save money. If you’re taking on a fixer-upper or a restoration job, having a budget in place is essential.
- To put it another way, it is simple to waste your money.
- For example, if you purchase an ancient piece of land with the intention of operating a company from it, such as a guest home or Bed & Breakfast, it may ultimately pay for itself.
- When it comes to planning your budget, should you take everything into consideration?
- The costs of even the most basic building items, such as screws, nails, timber, and finish material, may rapidly pile up if you do not plan ahead.
- When you intend to reside in the property for an extended period of time, a rehab project is something you should consider.
- A fixer-upper is a fantastic way to get your real estate investing career off to a good start.
Final Thoughts on Buying a Fixer-Upper or Rehab Home
No matter if you’re purchasing a fixer-upper or a rehab home, make sure you ask plenty of questions. Conduct extensive study and due diligence before making a decision. Make certain that you are not just concerned with the house itself. Have you had a look at the neighborhood in which the home is located? What do you think of the neighborhood in general? Is there anything in the neighborhood that makes you think twice about making a purchase? Is there anything in the region that makes you think twice about buying?
What criteria are used to evaluate them?
It’s important to remember that acquiring a house is about more than just the property itself; it’s about everything that goes along with it.
When purchasing a house that will require a significant amount of renovation, it is critical to educate yourself about the situation.
It is possible that failing to do so will result in severe regret once it is too late. Some people take on more than they can chew, and you don’t want to be one of those individuals.
Other Valuable Realty Biz News Features
- The most often asked questions when purchasing a property– do you know some of the most important questions that many home buyers will ask their real estate agent? Check out the most often asked questions and make sure you understand the answers
- What to consider when buying a house that needs renovation – read on for more points to think about if you are thinking about acquiring a fixer-upper property
- Deal breakers when buying a fixer-upper– Are there any issues with a fixer-upper that you should avoid if you are considering purchasing one? Here are a few of the reasons that force some customers to pass on a purchase: Find out if it makes sense to acquire your home loan through a mortgage broker or a local bank
- Should I Get My Mortgage Through A Bank Or A Broker?
Make smart judgments when purchasing a fixer-upper property by taking use of these additional home-buying tools.
Know the Difference: Fixer Uppers vs. Rehab Homes
Nicholas Brown contributed to this article. Acquiring a property that need a little TLC is a terrific way to build an investment portfolio fast, but there are several levels of “TLC” that you should take into account. First and foremost, let’s draw a boundary between a fast fixer upper and a complete rehabilitation. A fixer upper is a property that is technically solid but might benefit from some aesthetic improvements to increase its resale value. Painting, new carpets, and refinished flooring are examples of what may be done.
- It is much more than that, and may encompass everything from roof replacements to water damage repairs and electrical component replacements to name a few.
- This will almost certainly require contractor work and permits, but it will not cause the house to leak or catch on fire if it is not completed.
- If you will have to make significant efforts to live in a property before it is more than halfway done, it is likely that it will require rehabilitation.
- While the phrase “fixer upper” is commonly used to describe homes that require extensive repair before they are suitable for most purchasers, there is a significant difference between a property that only requires a few finishing touches and a home that requires a complete overhaul.
- Remember the Tom Hanks movie “The Money Pit”?
- Any time you’re looking for a house, you should engage a professional inspector to come through and check the property.
- There are certain advantages to purchasing a property that requires a lot of repair, and if you’re willing to put in the time and effort, you can see a significant return on your investment quite fast.
- It can also result in higher interest rates, copper theft, and other unanticipated results.
Not only will the home’s worth increase by a significant amount when it catches up with neighboring properties, but it will also improve in value on a regular basis over time in line with the market and inflation, increasing your profit if you decide to hold onto the property (either to live in or as a rental property).
First and foremost, think about your expectations.
Here are some more suggestions to assist you in determining whether or not your fixer upper job will be worth your time and work in the long run.
How to Rehab a House: 10 Straightforward Steps to Follow
The most recent update was made on August 20, 2021. Some of the most popular television series revolve around the process of renovating a home. Real estate investors all around the world dream of finding a bargain, fixing it up, and then selling it for a profit. While rehabilitating properties has the potential to be a rewarding investment plan, it does involve a significant amount of study, time, and effort. Throughout this post, we’ll go over the benefits of rehabbing as a real estate investment strategy, as well as how to go about doing so.
- Investment property rehabbers frequently acquire a home at a discounted price, perform necessary renovations, and then resell or rent the property to a qualified renter. A house renovation can also be done to enhance gross rental revenue or to increase the value of the property. It is estimated that the average cost to repair a property will range from $15 and $60 per square foot or more, depending on the type of rehab being done and the location of the home. The most important aspects of rehabbing a property are assessing the after-rehab value, obtaining building permits, and executing interior and exterior modifications.
What is a House Rehab?
Those involved in the rehab of a house purchase a property in its existing condition and then restore or renovate it to make it more appealing to potential buyers. A house rehab can be carried out by an investor looking for a quick return or by a rental property owner with an eye on the long-term investment potential of the property. In this technique, investors acquire properties at a discount from their market value, then undertake any necessary repairs and modifications in the hopes of reselling the home for a profit.
- Buy-and-hold real estate investors with a long-term outlook may also choose to renovate a property in order to boost gross rental revenue and force appreciation in the property’s value.
- The first way involves converting a garage, attic, or basement into extra living space, so increasing the quantity of rentable square feet available for rental.
- The second option involves increasing the value of a property by installing an additional bedroom or bathroom.
- Before starting a new construction project, investors do a comparative market study to see whether the projected rise in house value outweighs the expense of adding a room.
Average Cost to Rehab a House
House renovation or rehab costs on average can range from $15 to $60 per square foot, with some projects costing far more. Among the variables that influence the cost to rehab a house are the location, size, and age of the property, whether a single room is being renovated or the entire house, and the current cost of labor and materials on the market. According to Realtor.com, the following is an estimate of what the average renovation expenditures of a property would be: Low-priced: $25,000-$45,000 Items such as painting the interior and outside of the house, making little modifications such as refinishing kitchen and bathroom cabinets, and upgrading the landscape to increase the curb appeal of the property are included in this category.
$76,000 or more is considered high. The cost of correcting structural components such as the roof, foundation, or problems with the sewage line that connects the house to the municipal utilities is included in a high-cost rehab in addition to the low- and medium-cost work.
How to Rehab a House in 10 Steps
The specifics of the rehab process will vary depending on the property and the exit plan, but the following are the ten main processes to follow while rehabbing a house:
1. Evaluate Current Property Condition
Before making an offer on a property, get it inspected and evaluated by a contractor to ensure that it is in good shape. Consider structural and mechanical things that are the most expensive to repair or replace, such as the foundation and roof, flooring and insulation, walls and ceilings, air conditioning and heating system, as well as the plumbing and electrical infrastructure.
2. Calculate ARV and Offer Price
Following the completion of the rehab project, ARV (after repair value) represents the estimated worth of the home. The appraised value of a property is determined by comparing it to the recent sales prices of comparable homes in the same neighborhood that are similar to the one that is being renovated. The 70 percent Rule is used by most investors to calculate an offer price, and it is represented by the following formula:
- The maximum purchase price is equal to (ARV x 70 percent) less the repair cost.
3. Create a Rehab Checklist
A rehab checklist lists the tasks that must be completed, with distinct parts for interior and exterior improvements. Examples of tasks include: Interior
- The foundation, basement, framing, insulation, paint, walls, doors and trim, flooring, the kitchen, appliances, the bedrooms, the bathrooms, and the fixtures
- Exterior masonry or siding
- Driveway and sidewalk
- Utility connections (water, sewage, natural gas, electric)
- Interior finishing If the land is not linked to the city sewage system, a septic system is required. Swimming pool (if one is available)
4. Calculate a Budget
After the rehab checklist has been used to define the scope of the job, the following step is to collect numerous quotations from different contractors to compare and contrast. Asking for personal referrals from an investor-friendly real estate agent or driving around neighborhoods searching for persons working on current restoration projects are also effective methods of finding a contractor. Often, while undertaking a large-scale rehab project, investors employ a general contractor, who in turn hires subcontractors and handymen to work on certain aspects of the project.
As a result, if the total cost of the project is $75,000, the general contractor will earn a fee of around $7,500.
5. Hire a General Contractor
Some contractors are self-employed, while others are employed by or linked with big construction corporations or organizations. As long as the contractor has prior expertise with house renovations, any method might be a suitable choice: The following questions should be asked by investors when hiring a general contractor, according to Forbes:
- How long has your company been in operation? What previous project management experience do you have with this sort of project
- Are you in possession of the essential permissions, licenses, and insurance? Do you have any recent testimonials? Can you tell me about the pricing estimate and time frame for this project?
6. Pull Permits
A general contractor will be aware of any permissions that may be required by the municipality. It is common for a municipal worker to examine each stage of a rehab project to ensure that the work is done correctly and in accordance with local codes. If a rehab or remodeling project is completed without obtaining the necessary permits, the seller must disclose this possible obligation to the buyer when the house is sold to avoid a lawsuit.
For this reason, before purchasing a home, investors enquire whether any recent rehabbing or updating has taken place on the property.
7. Begin Demolition
Removal of garbage and waste from a property, as well as the removal of objects that will be replaced, including doors and windows, appliances, cabinets, and kitchen and bathroom fixtures are all part of the demolition process. Renovating a home and starting with a “blank slate” makes the process considerably more efficient and allows work to move at a more consistent pace.
8. Start Exterior Improvements
Roof, windows, and siding are some of the outside components of the repair job that should be started first. In addition to attracting the attention of neighbors and potential home buyers and tenants passing by, properties undergoing renovations typically attract the notice of potential buyers and tenants driving by. The investor may use this information to develop a prospect list so that the property does not lie unoccupied for an excessive amount of time once the rehab work is completed and the home is ready to rent or sell.
9. Complete Interior Rehab
The following are examples of interior objects that should be replaced or updated depending on the amount of rehab being done:
- HVAC (heating, ventilation, and air conditioning) equipment
- Lines of plumbing and sewerage
- Framing, walls, and doors are all included. The attic and basement (if they are being refurbished to provide more living space)
- Skim and fix existing walls, or put up new drywall or sheetrock to cover the holes. Painting using a primer and two more coats
- Kitchen and bath fixtures, such as cabinets, sinks, appliances, bathtubs, and shower stalls, should be replaced. Making a punch list of open objects – such as missing light switch covers or ceiling fans – while passing around the house after the first repair work is completed can help you avoid making costly mistakes later on. Installing flooring and carpets is a must. Clean the house to a high standard and make minor repairs to the grounds.
10. Execute The Exit Strategy
Make contact with any possible purchasers or tenants who shown an interest while the house was being reconstructed. If you intend to rent out the home to a renter, you should advertise the property for rent on an internet listing site. If you’re selling the property, try advertising it for sale on the Roofstock Marketplace, which connects you with a global network of real estate investors. Roofstock is the leading platform for buying and selling single family rental houses, having executed deals totaling more than $3 billion in the past year.
Renovations with the Largest Potential ROI
When rehabbing a property, investors often concentrate on the improvements and enhancements that would provide the greatest possible return on their investment. According to the Key Trends in the 2021 Cost vs. Value Report published by Remodeling Magazine, the following are the goods that provide the greatest return on investment (ROI):
|Project Job||Cost (national average)||% of Cost Recovered|
|Garage door replacement||$3,907||94%|
|Manufactured stone veneer||$10,386||92%|
|Window replacement (vinyl)||$19,385||69%|
|Siding replacement (vinyl)||$16,576||68%|
|Window replacement (wood)||$23,219||67%|
|Deck addition (wood)||$16,766||66%|
|Entry door replacement (steel)||$2,082||65%|
|Deck addition (composite)||$22,426||63%|
|Grand entrance (fiberglass)||$10,044||61%|
|Roofing replacement (asphalt shingles)||$28,256||61%|
|Bathroom remodel (mid-range)||$24,424||60%|
|Universal design bathroom||$38,813||58%|
|Major kitchen remodel (mid-range)||$75,571||57%|
|Roofing replacement (metal)||$46,031||56%|
|Bathroom remodel (upscale)||$75,692||55%|
|Master suite addition (mid-range)||$156,741||55%|
|Major kitchen remodel (mid-range)||$149,079||54%|
|Bathroom addition (mid-range)||$56,946||53%|
|Bathroom addition (upscale)||$103,613||53%|
|Master suite addition (upscale)||$320,976||48%|
Final Tips for Rehabbing a House
Keeping track of bills, payments, and receipts may often feel like a full-time job when working on a renovation project since there are so many moving aspects to consider. Signing up for a free account with Stessa is a wonderful way to get started with spending tracking automation. To register a property location, link bank accounts swiftly and securely, and generate financial reports such as income, net cash flow, and capital expense statements, it takes only a few minutes. Other suggestions for rehabilitating a house are as follows:
- During a renovation process, maintain the front yard tidy and clear of waste to maximize curb appeal. Make certain that the appropriate licenses are obtained in order to avoid any complications once the house has been rented or sold. Build in additional space into your restoration budget in case material or labor expenses go up unexpectedly. Include carrying costs such as insurance, property taxes, electricity, and short-term financing required to repair a house in your calculations.
How to Rehab a Property in the Proper Order
Article in PDF format Article in PDF format When purchasing a home for rehabilitation, it is important to complete the necessary cleaning and repairs in a certain order. Not wanting to get ahead of yourself or squander valuable time and resources on the project is your top priority. Approach the procedure in a methodical manner, and avoid becoming irritated if things don’t go exactly as planned. Here are some guidelines to guide you through the process of restoring a home or business property.
- 1 Conduct a thorough inspection of the property. Before you begin work on the property, make a complete inspection of it. Make a note of which objects are in good shape and which areas require attention. It is beneficial to have a professional inspector accompany you on your inspection. He or she will be able to spot things that you would otherwise overlook. A competent home inspector may be found in the United States through the American Society of Home Inspectors (ASHI). As you walk around the property, ask the inspector any questions you have.
- The heating system, air-conditioning or HVAC system, interior plumbing, electrical system, roof, attic, any visible insulation, walls, ceilings, floors, windows, doors, foundation, sewer line, and basement should all be included in the house inspection
- However, the basement should not be included. If you are not a contractor, you should not do the inspection on your own
- Instead, hire a professional. During the inspection, take photographs of everything you see. In most cases, your inspector will take pictures of issue locations for their records, but you should also have evidence for your own records. The cost of an inspection is determined on the size of the property being inspected.
- 2 Make a checklist of all the things you need to do. Create a rehab checklist when you’ve identified the areas that require attention. This will assist you in staying on schedule and avoiding missing any necessary maintenance. Take into consideration both interior (such as walls, paint, etc.) and exterior (such as landscaping, gutters, and outdoor lights)
- The checklist should be quite extensive and should include a description of everything that needs to be completed on the property. The inspection report can be utilized to produce the checklist
- However, it is not required.
- s3 Make a financial plan. Go over your checklist and estimate how much each repair will cost you at the end of it. An Excel spreadsheet is a fantastic tool for organizing and tracking your spending. Each each repair should have its own budget, which should be detailed. As a result, if the cost of your repairs is greater than your budget, you will need to make some adjustments to the checklist
- Prepare a contingency plan in case of unforeseen complications. These are unavoidable occurrences. Once you begin the rehabilitation process, you may encounter new problems. If you want to sell the property once the rehabbing is completed, think about how much you will be able to get for it once the rehabbing is completed.
- 4 Collaborate with a third-party contractor. Having a reputable contractor on your side will make the restoration process much simpler. Make sure to take your time when looking for a qualified contractor to hire. Contractors can be identified through recommendations, your local building department, real estate investment associations, and general job boards, among other avenues of distribution. Pre-screen each candidate to establish if he or she is a suitable fit for your project before you hire him or her.
- The following factors should be addressed in the pre-screening questions:
- An experienced contractor is one who has worked for you for at least three years
- Equipment: A contractor should be in possession of his or her own equipment. Employees: you want to see enough assistance to ensure that the work is completed successfully. Licensing: A contractor should hold a valid license issued by the state or another local authority. Liability and workers’ compensation insurance are two types of insurance. The utilization of subcontractors: identify whether or not the contractor will be employing subcontractors to complete the task. In order to receive at least three favorable references, you must first identify them.
- Each contractor who has expressed interest in working with you should submit a formal bid. Choose a contractor that is within your budget and has demonstrated his or her ability to complete a quality work.
- Take the contractor on a walk-through to ensure everything is in order. As soon as you’ve decided on a contractor, you may want to take another look around the property. In addition, your contractor can assist you in making revisions to your budget and checklist.
- Once you’ve finalized your agreement with the contractor, set a completion date for the project. This will ensure that all parties involved are held accountable and are on the same page.
- 6 Obtain any permits that may be required. When it comes to rehabilitating a home, permits are usually necessary. Having all of the necessary permissions in place will assist you in staying out of trouble with the local building codes. Get in touch with your local building department to find out what you require. This may differ depending on the sort of work you’ll be doing
- Renovations that often need a permit include the installation of new electrical wiring, the expansion of floor area, the construction of a fence exceeding six feet in height, and any work that entails the connection to a public sewage line. In most cases, permits are not required for tasks such as putting in new flooring, painting, and changing windows and doors
- But, in other cases, permits are required. Your contractor can assist you in obtaining the necessary permissions.
- 1Demolition and rubbish removal should be started immediately. Remove any rubbish that has accumulated inside or outside the premises. Any objects that are broken or that you will be replacing should be removed (flooring, cabinets, appliances, light fixtures, toilets, water heaters, etc.) It is possible that outside work will entail pruning any dead trees or shrubs, as well as removing garage doors and fences as well as decks, siding, and other structures. 2 Take care of any roofing or foundation problems. Prior to beginning work on any inside repairs, check to see if the property need a new roof, which should be completed before starting on any outside repairs. Any water that seeps into the building should be avoided at all costs. Repairs to the slab or block-and-beam foundation are also required at this time.
- If you take care of the external concerns first, you will attract less attention to the home while it is being remodeled.
- 3 Replace all of the doors, windows, and trim. Once the foundation has been completed, the exterior doors and windows should be installed. This will protect your property from the effects of the weather as well as the intrusion of wild animals. The installation of new windows and doors will help make the home appear less like a construction site.
- Before you purchase the doors and windows, make a list of how many you’ll need and take measurements of each. Extreme attention should be used in measuring
- New entry doors are a good way to update the appearance of a home while also increasing its value.
- 4 Work on the plumbing, as well as the heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning systems is underway (HVAC). Water heaters, tubs and showers, toilets, and water/gas lines are some of the plumbing repairs that may be required. A new HVAC system or repairs to an existing HVAC system may be required. During this time period, it is also possible to work on the electrical system.
- If you’re installing an outside air-conditioning unit before someone will be living in the house full-time, proceed with caution. You don’t want it to be taken away from you.
- 5Assemble and finish the sheet rock work (plasterboard). Depending on your needs, you may either install new sheet rock or repair old sheet rock. It is less expensive to fix sheet rock that has already been installed. After you have finished with the sheet rock, you may go on to the texture of the walls and ceilings. 6 Paint the ceiling and walls a bright color. Floor protection should be provided by plastic or canvas, and painter’s masking tape should be used to protect any places that you do not like to be painted. Tape should also be applied to the inside of windows and hinges. Before you begin painting, chalk or spackle the trim and baseboards to make them easier to paint. Prior to painting the walls, apply a primer to protect them.
- Before you begin painting, you should thoroughly clean the walls. Some painters lightly sand and clean the wall after the primer has been applied
- Others do not. To avoid using a straight up and down motion while painting the walls, make your strokes in the shape of a V or W.
- 7 Put in new light fixtures as well as new flooring and equipment (such as stoves, dishwashers, washing machines, and dryers)
- Lighting is an excellent method to transform the appearance of a house, and it is quite affordable when compared to other types of renovations. Vinyl or ceramic tile, hardwood, carpet, or laminate flooring are examples of flooring options. Installation of the flooring occurs later in the rehab process in order to avoid putting paint on the floor and to avoid damage caused by personnel entering and exiting the property. Because you want your floors to be as new as possible when you’re finished, you might want to consider completing the majority of the inside work before laying down your flooring. At the absolute least, make an effort to keep new flooring away from heavy foot traffic while doing interior work.
- 8 Complete the project by adding the final touches. Once everything is completed, check through the work that has been completed and make any necessary adjustments. It’s possible that you’ll need to touch up paint or make any last-minute modifications to the plumbing, heating, and cooling, or electrical systems. Additionally, you should properly clean the premises.
- 9 Create a landscape around the home. Start working toward the front of the room since here is where people will first see you. Fences, patios, decks, sidewalks, porches, and driveways should all be repaired first before moving on to further projects. Once those tasks have been completed, add dirt to prepare the area for planting flowers, shrubs, and other plants. The back yard should be the last thing to tackle.
- Before you acquire plants, you should determine how much sunlight your property receives. In areas where there are numerous trees, choose plants that do not require a lot of sunshine to thrive. Inquire with someone at a garden center about your plans, and ask for recommendations on the types of plants that will function best on your site. Consider how much time you will have to devote to your landscape. For those who are short on time and want to keep their yard looking nice, search for low-maintenance choices. If your windows are at a low level, plant low-growing shrubs, trees, and ground cover instead of taller plants to give the illusion of space. You don’t want to block the view in any way.
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- QuestionFirst, should I paint the outside of the house or should I do some landscaping? Carla Toebe is a Washington State registered real estate broker based in Richland. She has been a licensed real estate broker since 2005, and in 2013 she launched the real estate company CT Realty LLC with her husband, David. A BA in Business Administration and Management Information Systems from Washington State University was her capstone experience before entering the workforce. Contribute to wikiHow by unlocking this expert answer, which will help to fund the website. Many times there is landscaping up against the home that has to be cut back or removed, and that piece of the landscaping should be completed in order to allow for the painting of the house to take place. Otherwise, it is likely to be more dependent on what requires the most amount of attention, or what is the most urgent. If everything has to be done, the front of the home, including painting and landscaping, should be completed before the back of the house. Question Is there a limit to the amount of money you may invest, say, 50 percent of the value of the property, on how much you can make? Carla Toebe is a Washington State registered real estate broker based in Richland. She has been a licensed real estate broker since 2005, and in 2013 she launched the real estate company CT Realty LLC with her husband, David. A BA in Business Administration and Management Information Systems from Washington State University was her capstone experience before entering the workforce. Answer from a real estate broker expert
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- Visiting stores such as Menard’s, Home Depot, or Lowe’s is easy, and they have a large selection of products for your property rehabilitating project. Please be patient. Property rehabbing frequently goes over budget or does not occur within the anticipated time frame
- Make necessary repairs as soon as possible. Attempting to conceal problems with low-quality work will invariably end in dismal consequences in the long run.
About This Article
Summary of the ArticleX Prior to attempting to repair a property, remove any garbage, broken goods, or anything that will need to be replaced from the property. Start with repairing any issues with the roof or foundation, and then replace any doors, windows, and trim that are in need of replacement. After that, you should hire a contractor to assist you in making sure the plumbing, furnace, and air-conditioning systems are all functioning correctly. Painting the walls and ceilings, as well as installing the flooring and appliances, are the final steps.
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Buying a home, holding it for a short period of time, and then selling it for a profit is referred to as house flipping in the real estate investing world. A house flipper will often hang onto a property for a period of several months to a year before selling it. Renovation is the process of repairing and upgrading a piece of real estate. Generally, rehabbing does not entail considerable changes to the floor design, but it may need extensive repairs to important components like as the roofing, electrical, and plumbing systems.
The Basics of Flipping a Property
Investors that talk about “fix and flip” properties are typically referring to distressed properties that they aim to acquire at a bargain, restore, and resell as soon as possible. Despite the fact that many people identify flipping with fix-and-flip houses, there are two primary techniques to flip a property:
- Purchase a property in a quickly expanding market, retain it for a few months until the value has increased sufficiently to allow you to profit from it, and then sell it without making any renovations or repairs to the property
- The typical fix-and-flip strategy is to purchase a distressed home, refurbish it, and resell it for a profit.
The point is that while the phrases “rehab” and “flip” are frequently used interchangeably, they are not always identical; in the proper market, an investor might “flip” a home without doing any substantial modifications or repairs. In contrast, an investor can “rehab” a property rather than flipping it, and then add it to their portfolio as a rental unit instead of selling it.
The Difference Between a Rehab Property and a “Fixer-Upper”
Making improvements to a home can be a profitable strategy to earn a profit on an investment. Nonetheless, it is critical to understand the difference between a fixer-upper and a house that requires extensive renovation. The majority of fixer-uppers require aesthetic modifications and repairs before they can be sold at a reasonable price. When it comes to fixer-uppers, new flooring, light fixtures, kitchen cabinetry, and appliances may be required before the house is ready to be put on the market.
Repairing water damage, strengthening structural parts, and bringing a home up to code are all examples of rehab tasks that can be undertaken.
The home is most likely a fixer-upper if a handyman can do the majority of the necessary upgrades and repairs.
Another point of differentiation is the price. The average cost of a rehab project is from $20,000 and $75,000, with the national average being around $47,000. In most cases, cosmetic renovations for fixer-uppers are substantially less expensive, frequently costing $10,000 or less.
What Are the Steps to Rehabbing and Flipping a Property?
Investing in real estate and upgrading it may be a profitable strategy to make a profit. To be sure, distinguish between a property that needs work and one that need extensive renovations before making a purchase. To bring a fixer-upper up to market value, it usually requires aesthetic modifications and repairs. Before a fixer-upper can be listed for sale, it may be necessary to replace the flooring, light fixtures, kitchen cabinetry, and appliances. If you have a property that requires rehabilitating, it will require considerable renovations before it can be rented out.
It is possible to identify whether or not an asset is a fixer-upper or a rehabilitating project by whether or not it requires the services of certified contractors.
Rehab projects are most often those that require professional contractors.
Renovation projects typically cost between $20,000 and $75,000, with the national average being around $47,000.
1. Arrange Financing
For homes they want to repair and resell, most investors employ one of four types of financing, if a cash flip is not available. These are as follows:
- Hard money loans are short-term real estate loans (often lasting six months to a year, though periods of up to five years are sometimes offered) that are used for real estate investments. Due to the fact that these loans are granted by private lenders, the interest rates and loan costs are often higher
- Origination fees ranging from three to six points are not unusual. In order to qualify, most lenders need a loan-to-value ratio (LTV) of 75 percent or less. Using the equity in their home house or another investment property to fund a fix-and-flip is something that investors do from time to time. In general, lenders seek for at least 35 percent to 40 percent equity, a credit score of 640 or above, and a debt-to-income ratio of less than 45 percent if the loan is for a home. In the case of a cash-out refi, there are closing expenses to consider, which can amount to as much as 5 percent or 6 percent of the loan amount. Home equity line of credit (HELOC): For borrowers with strong credit, most lenders will provide a line of credit for up to 80 percent of the equity in their home. Closing costs are often lower than those associated with a cash-out refinance. Some investors like this choice since it allows them to draw on their credit line as needed to meet rehabbing expenditures rather than having to borrow a large quantity of money all at once. Acquisition line of credit: These credit lines are particularly designed for the acquisition of investment properties. Terms are typically brief, ranging from 18 to 24 months in length. An investor’s balance sheet and track record of successful flipping projects are taken into consideration when approving the acquisition of investment lines of credit. They are most appropriate for seasoned real estate investors.
For certain sorts of real estate investors, crowdfunding is a less well-known alternative that may be worth considering. Crowdfunding sites such as RealtyShares often finance up to 70% of the after-repair value of a property, with loan durations averaging 12 months not uncommon.
2. Define the Rehabbing Scope of Work
Following the evaluation of the property and development of a strategy for the rehab, the investor develops a scope of work that describes the specifics of the project. When it comes to bidding on a project, contractors rely on the scope of work to record every element down to the tiniest detail, including faucets, fixtures, and finishes, among other things. It is critical at this stage to design a budget that includes contingency funds for unanticipated difficulties in order to guarantee that the total cost of the property plus renovation charges does not surpass the typical house value in the community.
3. Prepare the Paperwork
Having completed an evaluation of the property and devised a strategy for its rehabilitation, the investor prepares a scope of work that describes the specifics of the project. When it comes to bidding on a project, contractors rely on the scope of work to record every aspect down to the tiniest detail, including faucets, fixtures, and finishes, among other items.
In order to guarantee that the cost of the property plus rehabbing charges does not surpass the typical house value in the community, it is critical to prepare a budget—which should include reserves for unanticipated difficulties.
4. Oversee the Rehab
The majority of rehab projects begin with demolition and are followed by frame and foundation repairs, HVAC, plumbing, and electrical work, and finally trimming and painting to complete the job. The investor does a walk-through review of the project upon completion and verifies that the contractor has scheduled any final inspections required by the building permits. Following the completion and approval of all work, the investor provides a final payment to the project team.
5. List and Sell the Property
In this stage, you will prepare the property for showings, pick a real estate agent, prepare marketing materials, and list the property on the Multiple Listing Service (MLS) and other real estate websites.
Flipping vs. Buy-and-Hold: Which is the Best Real Estate Investment Strategy?
There is no such thing as a “optimal” method for real estate investment. It is dependent on the investor’s objectives as well as his or her financial status. While both tactics provide revenue, the primary distinction between them is that flipping a home generates active income, whilst buying and holding a property generates passive income. When a fix-and-flip investor sells a house, they receive a lump sum payment in exchange for their investment. During the duration of ownership, a buy-and-hold investor gets a consistent stream of recurring income.
Pros and Cons of Rehabbing and Flipping Vs. Buy-and-Hold
|Fixing and Flipping||Buy and Hold|
|Faster return on your money; capital is at risk for a shorter period||Ongoing income andcash flow; capital is at risk for several years|
|Higher upfront costs, including transaction costs, both at purchase and sale||Lower upfront costs; transaction costs are spread out over a period of years|
|Higher tax liability; if the property is held for less than a year, short-term capital gains tax rates apply||Lower tax liability; many costs (depreciation, repairs, management fees) are deductible. Rental income taxed at a lower rate than earned income|
|Less legal exposure because the property is held for a short time||Exposure to legal risks associated with being a landlord|
|May have several months ofholding costs, especially if the property does not sell quickly||Possibility of high vacancy costs when the property is between tenants|
What Are the Risks of Rehabbing and Flipping a Property?
When it comes to new construction, costs are reasonably predictable; nevertheless, an investor cannot anticipate every problem that may arise within the walls of an existing home. Not only that, but even the most meticulously planned enterprise can be thrown off course by market factors. Involved in rehabilitating and flipping a house are some of the most typical dangers, which include the following:
- During the rehab time, the value of the property may abruptly decline, making it hard to return the initial expenditure. Unexpected increases in interest rates may force potential homebuyers to forego mortgage financing. Due to the possibility of inaccuracy in the after-repair value (ARV) appraisal, the sales price may be too low to pay the expenditures of renovating the property. Rehab work may find concerns that were previously undetected, such as asbestos tile or water intrusion, which can increase the project cost.
Real estate flipping is a common method of making money in the real estate market. Investment homes are often purchased at a bargain by investors who then renovate the properties and resell them for a profit. The strategy, on the other hand, is not without its risks. It is possible for renovations to go over budget, for property prices to drop suddenly, and for rising interest rates to make mortgage payments untenable. Investors who specialize in flipping homes, on the other hand, may earn significant gains while putting their cash at risk for a far shorter period of time than those who engage in buy-and-hold properties.
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