What Is Tbi Rehab? (Correct answer)

If you have had a TBI, rehabilitation (or rehab) will be an important part of your recovery. Rehab can take many forms depending on your needs, and might include physical, occupational, and speech therapy, as well as psychiatric care and social support.


What is TBI recovery?

The prognosis for mild TBI is usually better than for a moderate TBI, and the prognosis for moderate TBI is usually better than for a severe TBI. With a concussion (mild TBI), most people recover most or all of their brain function within 3 months following injury, with most recovering sooner.

How long do TBI patients stay in rehab?

In fact, 64% of TBI patients make a good cognitive recovery after 12 months, according to the Journal of the International Neuropsychological Recovery. After two years, you will see more improvements in your hands and legs.

What is the best treatment for TBI?

Mild traumatic brain injuries usually require no treatment other than rest and over-the-counter pain relievers to treat a headache. However, a person with a mild traumatic brain injury usually needs to be monitored closely at home for any persistent, worsening or new symptoms.

What is a TBI facility?

Shepherd Center’s Brain Injury Rehabilitation Program provides a full continuum of services to treat patients who have experienced a traumatic brain injury (TBI) or non-traumatic brain injury. Our programs treat specific conditions, such as disorders of consciousness, and specific age groups, such as adolescents.

Is TBI permanent?

Mild forms cause temporary symptoms that usually go away a few days or weeks after the injury. The most severe TBIs can cause permanent brain damage, coma, or death.

Can you fully recover from a TBI?

Therefore, a full and functional TBI recovery is almost always possible, even though it might take several years of dedication. But in order to make this type of progress, you must take initiative. In fact, without consistent work, brain injury recovery can stall and even regress.

What should I do after TBI?

Traumatic Brain Injury: Recovery Tips for Adults

  1. Get plenty of sleep at night, and rest during the day.
  2. Avoid activities that are physically demanding (e.g., heavy houscleaning, weightlifting/working-out) or require a lot of concentration (e.g., balancing your checkbook).

Is TBI a disability?

A disability applicant with lasting physical and mental difficulties from a severe TBI may be eligible for Social Security disability benefits. If you’ve suffered a traumatic brain injury that prevents you from working, you may be eligible for Social Security disability benefits.

What are the 7 types of TBI?

Types of brain injury

  • Traumatic brain injury. Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) is an injury to the brain caused by a trauma to the head (head injury)
  • Mild head injury and concussion.
  • Stroke.
  • Brain aneurysm.
  • Brain haemorrhage.
  • Brain tumour.
  • Carbon monoxide poisoning.
  • Encephalitis.

Can the brain heal itself from brain damage?

It is possible for the brain to heal itself, with new brain cells growing to replace damaged ones, but much of the ‘recovery’ we experience is actually due to the brain ‘re-wiring’ itself and finding new pathways to bypass recently-broken connections.

What happens after a TBI?

Mild traumatic brain injury may affect your brain cells temporarily. More-serious traumatic brain injury can result in bruising, torn tissues, bleeding and other physical damage to the brain. These injuries can result in long-term complications or death.

Traumatic Brain Injury and Acute Inpatient Rehabilitation

Patient’s get three or more hours per day of core treatments (physical therapy, occupational therapy, and speech therapy), which are overseen by a physician who specializes in rehabilitation and receive round-the-clock nursing care in acute inpatient rehabilitation (also known as rehab). This multidisciplinary team of physicians, nurses, and therapists collaborates to help patients recover from traumatic brain injury. According to research, involvement in inpatient rehabilitation following an accident enhances the chance of release to home and lowers the risk of mortality among trauma patients, the majority of whom have suffered traumatic brain injury (TBI).

How do I choose an acute inpatient rehabilitation facility?

When selecting an acute rehabilitation center, there are a number of aspects to think about:

  • Do you know if the patient’s insurance will pay this program? Who is on the team and what type of certification does the facility have are important questions to ask. In order to certify that rehab facilities satisfy high standards of care, they must go through this process
  • Is the facility capable of meeting the medical needs of the patient?

There are two sites listed in the “References” section of this factsheet that might assist you in finding an acute rehab unit.

What are some common challenges addressed by acute inpatient rehabilitation?

  • Challenges to one’s way of thinking. Memory, language, focus, judgment, and problem-solving difficulties are among the issues that might arise. Changes in the physical body. These include a loss of strength, as well as difficulties with balance, coordination, mobility, and swallowing, among other things. Changes in sensory perception. Changes in the patient’s senses of smell, sight, hearing, and touch are among those that can occur. Emotional shifts are taking place. The patient has a fresh traumatic brain injury that prevents them from returning home to family care
  • The patient has a new traumatic brain injury that prevents them from returning home to family care

Who is eligible to receive inpatient rehab?

Inpatient rehabilitation may be appropriate for a patient if they meet the following criteria:

  • The patient’s medical state has stabilized to the point that they are able to participate in therapy. Some insurers, such as Medicare, have a precise definition of “participation in therapy” that must be met in order for inpatient rehab to be approved. The patient might make progress in his or her treatment. The patient has health insurance or other means of covering the cost of therapy.

How does acute inpatient rehab work?

A patient’s individual demands are taken into consideration while designing a therapy. Throughout the day, the patient will get at least 3 hours of various forms of treatment, with pauses in between sessions. The patient will get therapy five to seven days a week. In addition, the patient will be under the supervision of a physician who will see them at least three times a week. The majority of patients with TBI who are admitted to an acute inpatient facility participate in the following activities:

  • Physical therapy, occupational therapy, and speech therapy are all available options.

Each style of treatment can be delivered either individually or in a group setting.

Who is part of the rehab team?

Rehabilitation is often carried out by a group of highly trained health-care professionals. Members of the team come from a variety of backgrounds in the health care industry. Every day, the team collaborates and shares information on your therapy and development with one another. The patient’s progress and discharge plan are discussed in detail at least once a week in team meetings with the doctor. This plan outlines the patient’s treatment once they have completed rehabilitation. Members of the patient’s care team may include the following individuals: Doctors.


The doctor will do the following:

  • Identify and evaluate the patient’s physical ability. Evaluate the patient’s way of thinking and doing
  • Prescribe medication to help the patient manage his or her mood, sleep, pain, and food
  • Prescribe physical, occupational, and speech therapy that is customized to the patient’s needs. Make recommendations for tests or treatments that will assist to maintain and enhance the patient’s health

Occupational Therapy Assistant: The occupational therapy assistant works in close collaboration with the physician in the management of medical issues and the prevention of consequences. The nurse will do the following tasks:

  • Examine the patient’s capacity to care for himself or herself, as well as his or her bowel and bladder function, sexual function, food, and mobility. Provide assistance with the treatment of other members of the team
  • Inform the patient and their family about their traumatic brain injury (TBI) and any medications they are taking

Psychologists or neuropsychologists are professionals who specialize in the study of the mind. These experts will evaluate and treat any issues that the patient may be experiencing with their thinking, memory, mood, or behavior. He or she may provide counseling to the patient’s family members or educate them on how to best assist the patient in his or her recovery. The objective is to ensure that the patient’s family is aware of the treatment plan as well as the likelihood of positive outcomes.

  1. The physical therapists will assist the patient in improving their physical function and mobility.
  2. The physical therapist will instruct the patient on how to perform exercises and retrain their muscles and nerves.
  3. In addition, the physical therapist will assist the patient in strengthening their muscles and improving their endurance, walking, and balance.
  4. The occupational therapists will work with the patient on his or her activities of daily life in order to assist him or her become more independent.

They also involve getting in and out of your bed, wheelchair, toilet, tub, and shower, among other things. The occupational therapist (OT) will work with the patient on strengthening, balance, and control of the trunk. The OT may do any of the following, depending on the facility:

  • Evaluate the patient’s ability to think critically. Orientation, memory, attention, focus, computation, problem-solving, thinking, and judgment are some of the abilities that are required. Examine the patient’s vision to see if there are any issues. Assist the patient in doing more complicated activities. Meal preparation and cooking, money management, and participation in community events are examples of such activities. Make recommendations for and place orders for any equipment that the patient may require before leaving home

A speech-language pathologist is someone who helps people communicate better (SLP). Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) will diagnose and treat issues related to speech, swallowing, and communication. The SLP will do the following:

  • Ensure that the patient understands what others are saying and that they communicate effectively
  • Instruct the patient in activities and procedures that will help them enhance their capacity to communicate and express themselves more effectively. This may involve workouts to strengthen the muscles that are engaged in speaking and swallowing. In addition, the patient may be taught speech drills to help them communicate more clearly. Examine the patient’s ability to communicate in his or her native language. Orientation, memory, attention, focus, computation, problem-solving, thinking, and judgment are some of the abilities that are required. Identify whether the patient has difficulty swallowing (dysphagia) and assess their capacity to swallow If necessary, suggest meals and beverages that the patient can consume or drink without harming him or herself.

Recreational therapists are those who work in the field of recreation. These therapists will assist the patient in locating activities that will enhance their health and well-being while also assisting the patient in reintegrating into the community. Getting back into recreational activities or discovering new ones is a crucial component of the rehabilitation process. The activities may involve going on trips or participating in social and group activities while in the hospital setting if appropriate Social workers are employed in a variety of capacities.

He or she will also assist the patient with the development of a discharge plan and the transition back into the community.

  • Assist the patient in determining the benefits he or she is entitled for. Identify and connect patients and their families with community services, which may include Medicaid or Social Security. Provide the patient with continuing, supportive therapy to assist them in becoming acclimated to their new circumstances.

A nutritionist or a dietitian is someone who specializes in nutrition or dietetics. The patient’s nutritional state will be evaluated by the dietitians on staff. In addition, he or she will provide advice regarding proper nutrition and the patient’s eating habits. After a hospital stay, patients are frequently malnourished and underweight. Concentrating on the patient’s diet and the number of calories the patient consumes each day will aid in his or her recuperation. The dietician will also consult with the patient and their family on matters such as selecting a menu, selecting the appropriate food consistencies, and making dietary modifications that are appropriate for their requirements.

What role does the family play during acute inpatient rehab?

The family can do the following:

  • Get to know the members of the team that will be caring for the patient. Inquire about when and how they may participate in treatment sessions. Inquire about the changes that they might anticipate to notice during rehabilitation. Inquire about the many remedies that are being utilized. Early in a patient’s stay, inquire about and discuss the release procedure
  • The time spent in inpatient rehabilitation can be limited. Attend family training sessions as the patient’s discharge date approaches. Determine if the patient will require any more assistance or supervision after being discharged from rehabilitation.

What happens after inpatient rehab?

Leaving inpatient rehabilitation is a significant life transition that may induce anxiety. When you are being discharged, you may have a lot of questions. These may include the following:

  • How will the patient be able to continue to improve once they have been discharged from the hospital
  • When the patient is discharged from the hospital, who will be responsible for their care? What happens if the patient need more assistance than their family can provide?

The patient’s social worker will ensure that they have all they need to continue their recovery after they have been discharged from the hospital in order to assist you through this transition. The patient and their family will meet with a social worker, care manager, and/or discharge planner as the date of discharge approaches, depending on the specific facility in which they are being treated. A discharge plan will be developed during these meetings. This group will also do the following:

  • Provide emotional support to the patient
  • Assist you in obtaining the care the patient requires. This involves determining where the patient will receive the treatments they require as well as who will offer those services. They will also assist the patient in making the most of their insurance advantages
  • They will assist the patient in locating resources that will enable them to operate effectively in their local community. Finances assistance, home care assistance, transportation assistance, and community therapeutic programs are all possibilities. Other government programs such as Supplemental Security Income (SSI), Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI), Medicaid, Medicare, and other disability benefits may also be included.
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Discharge Plans

Every discharge plan is unique in its own way. This strategy is tailored to the patient’s specific personal and social circumstances. Recovery from a traumatic brain injury (TBI) can take months or even years. The majority of patients will require continuous counseling once they return home. Discharge plans can be classified into one of four groups: Discharged to the patient’s home with a referral to home-based rehabilitation programs. This plan is designed for persons who are well enough to remain at home but are not healthy enough to travel for treatment appointments.

  • Staff from the organization will visit the patient in their home to assess their requirements and provide them with any care that they require.
  • It is possible that the patient will require the services of a home health aide.
  • The patient is sent home with a referral to outpatient care.
  • In this instance, the patient’s family will give them with all of the assistance and monitoring they require at their residence.
  • Transfer to a residential TBI rehabilitation program.
  • This option is excellent for those who do not require inpatient treatment from a nurse or doctor but who may require further counseling in order to reintegrate back into society.
  • Discharge to a nursing home or assisted living facility.
  • In this instance, the institution provides nursing care as well as rehabilitation in designated rehab wing areas.
  • The length of time that clients spend at the facility is determined by their medical needs, the amount of progress they make, and other insurance restrictions.

If the patient’s team suggests a nursing facility that offers subacute rehabilitation, the social worker will assist them in finding a facility that fulfills their requirements.


The Brain Injury Association of America is a non-profit organization dedicated to preventing and treating brain injury (n.d.). When picking a brain injury rehabilitation program, there are a few guiding concepts to keep in mind. Fairfax, Virginia: The author. Obtainable at Brain Injury Alliance of New Jersey is a non-profit organization dedicated to the prevention and treatment of brain injury (n.d.).

Nehra D, Nixon ZA, Lengenfelder C, Bulger EM, Cuschieri J, Maier RV, Arbabi S.

Is it Really Important to Receive Acute Rehabilitation After a Traumatic Injury?

JAMA Coll Surg.


In partnership with the Model Systems Knowledge Translation Center, Brian D. Greenwald, MD, created a treatment protocol for traumatic brain injury and acute inpatient rehabilitation.

Factsheet Update

With the help of the Model Systems Knowledge Translation Center, Drs. Brian D. Greenwald and Thomas Watanabe revised their paper on traumatic brain injury (TBI) and acute inpatient rehabilitation (AICR) in partnership with the Model Systems Knowledge Translation Center. Source: All of the information in this factsheet has been gathered from study and/or professional consensus. Several experts from the Traumatic Brain Injury Model Systems (TBIMS), which is funded by the National Institute on Disability, Independent Living, and Rehabilitation Research (NIDILRR), as well as experts from the Polytrauma Rehabilitation Centers (PRCs), which is funded by the United States Department of Veterans Affairs, have reviewed and approved this content.

If you have any specific medical problems or require medical treatment, you should visit your health care practitioner.

NIDDIR and the National Institute on Disability, Independent Living, and Rehabilitation Research provided money for its updating as part of the American Institutes for Research Model Systems Knowledge Translation Center at the American Institutes for Research (NIDILRR grant number 90DP0082).

NIDILRR, ACL, and HHS do not necessarily approve the contents of this factsheet; thus, you should not infer that the federal government has endorsed the information presented herein.

The 2021 Model Systems Knowledge Translation Center is protected by copyright (MSKTC). Reproduction and distribution are permitted without restriction, provided that proper attribution is provided. If you want to include something in a fee-based product, you must get authorization first.

What Kinds of Rehabilitation Should a TBI Patient Receive?

The rehabilitation of a traumatic brain injury patient is a crucial aspect of the healing process. During the acute stage, people who have been injured moderately to seriously may be admitted to a hospital’s critical care unit where they will get treatment and care. Once the patient has reached a stable condition, he or she may be moved to a subacute unit of the medical center or to an independent rehabilitation facility. Patients take a variety of different courses to recovery at this time, owing to the large number of different rehabilitation alternatives available to them.

  1. The Consensus Development Panel advised that TBI patients have a personalized rehabilitation program that is based on the patient’s strengths and capacities, and that rehabilitation services be updated over time to accommodate the patient’s evolving requirements.
  2. Physical therapy, occupational therapy, speech/language therapy, physiatry (physical medicine), psychology/psychiatry, and social support are all included in this treatment approach, which is individualized to the individual.
  3. Recovery from a traumatic brain injury (TBI) has one overarching goal: to enhance the patient’s capacity to function at home and in society.
  4. Some individuals may require medication to treat psychological and physical disorders that arise as a result of their TBI.
  5. It is critical for the patient’s family to participate in the rehabilitation program in order to give social support for the patient and to help the patient recover.
  6. It is critical for TBI patients and their families to choose the best appropriate environment for rehabilitation after a traumatic brain injury.
  7. TBI patients, their families, and rehabilitation team members should all collaborate to locate the most appropriate environment for them to recover from their injuries.
  8. Rehabilitation of Individuals Suffering from Traumatic Brain Injury NIH Publication No.
  9. Office of Communications and Public Liaison (OCPL) prepared this document.
  10. The National Institutes of Health is located in Bethesda, Maryland 20892.
  11. If you need advice on the treatment or care of a specific patient, you should speak with a physician who has examined that patient or is familiar with that patient’s medical history.

All information provided by the NINDS is in the public domain and may be freely copied by anybody. It is appreciated if the NINDS or the NIH is given credit. Originally published on BrainLine on May 17, 2013.


Rehabilitation is the process of channeling the body’s natural healing abilities and the brain’s relearning processes in order for an individual to recover as quickly and completely as possible. It also involves learning new ways to compensate for abilities that have been permanently altered as a result of brain injury. In rehabilitation, the primary goal is to enable persons to do their activities of daily living (ADLs) safely and independently so that they can progress to various types of therapy or return to their homes after completing their rehabilitation.

More often than not, an insurance company will restrict the amount of days a person may spend in a rehabilitative program, making it even more critical to select the most appropriate program for the individual.

Acute Rehabilitation

Individuals who have suffered a traumatic brain injury will begin acute therapy as soon as feasible after sustaining the injury. The therapy is delivered in a specialized unit of a trauma hospital, a rehabilitation hospital, or another inpatient setting where the patient is admitted. The patient and a team of health experts with expertise and training in brain damage work together throughout acute rehabilitation to help them restore as many of their daily life activities as they possibly can.

Post-Acute Rehabilitation

In certain cases, patients who are healthy enough to participate in more intensive therapy may be moved to a post-acute rehabilitation environment, such as a transitional rehabilitation center, for further treatment. Transitional rehabilitation facilities are sometimes referred to as residential rehabilitation facilities or transitional living facilities in some circles. The purpose of post-acute rehabilitation is to assist the individual in becoming as self-sufficient as feasible. Patients are required to participate in therapy for a minimum of six hours every day.

Sub-Acute Rehabilitation

In the event that patients are unable to withstand rigorous therapy, they may be sent to a subacute rehabilitation center. Subacute rehabilitation programs are designed for those who have suffered a traumatic brain injury and require less intense rehabilitation services over a longer period of time than acute rehabilitation programs. Sub-acute programs may also be created for persons who have made progress in an acute rehabilitation environment (and are continuing to make progress), but are not seeing quick functional improvements as a result of their development.

Sub-acute rehabilitation can be delivered in a variety of settings, including a skilled nursing facility or a nursing home, depending on the individual’s needs.

Day Treatment (Day Rehab or Day Hospital)

Day therapy is a structured group environment that provides rehabilitation throughout the day and allows the individual who has suffered a brain injury to return home at night after completing their treatment. While some patients may be discharged from an inpatient post-acute rehabilitation facility to a day program after a short period of time, others may be discharged from the hospital to a sub-acute rehabilitation center immediately after their hospitalization.

Outpatient Therapy

Day therapy is a structured group environment that provides rehabilitation during the day and permits the individual who has suffered a brain injury to return home at night. While some patients may be discharged from an inpatient post-acute rehabilitation facility to a day program after a short period of time, others may be discharged from the hospital to a sub-acute rehabilitation center immediately after their release.

Brain Injury Rehabilitation Program

The brain is very complex, and each individual is affected by brain damage in a unique way. The Shepherd Center’s Brain Injury Rehabilitation Program offers a comprehensive range of treatments to patients who have suffered a catastrophic brain injury (TBI) or a non-traumatic brain injury (NTBI) and require rehabilitation. Our programs are designed to address specific illnesses, such as consciousness problems, as well as certain age groups, such as teens. Shepherd Center’s 10-bed Intensive Care Unit (ICU) enables our physicians to begin treatment for patients with complicated brain injuries as soon as possible and to address secondary issues that may arise as a result of the injury.

What Is a Brain Injury?

An extremely serious vehicle accident, fall, or sports-related occurrence are all potential causes of brain injury. The term “brain injury” refers to two different forms of brain damage: traumatic brain injury and nontraumatic brain injury.

  • A traumatic brain injury (TBI) is described as a blow or jolt to the head, or a penetrating head injury, that causes the brain to become incapacitated and unable to operate properly. If you suffer from a non-traumatic brain damage, it might be caused by anything from an illness to oxygen deprivation to metabolic abnormalities to aneurysms to cardiac arrest to a near-drowning event. It covers brain injuries that are not produced by an external physical impact to the head
  • It also includes traumatic brain injury.

Shepherd Center’s Leading Brain Injury Rehabilitation Specialists

We have professionals in brain rehabilitation and recovery who are highly qualified leaders in the field of traumatic brain injury (TBI) rehabilitation. The care they give is centered on the patient and is based on cutting-edge treatments, technology, and research. More than just attending to urgent needs, our clinicians engage with each patient to establish a specific route to long-term rehabilitation with the objective of assisting them in getting back to doing what they like doing. Meet the ABI professionals who work with us.

Why Choose Shepherd Center’s Brain Injury Rehabilitation Program?

Shepherd Center is ranked among the top ten rehabilitation centers in the United States by U.S. News & World Report. Our particular emphasis on brain and spinal cord injury rehabilitation and research means that we have more skill and experience with brain injuries than the majority of rehabilitation institutions in the United States, which is a significant advantage. With our concentration and experience, we are able to deliver better treatment, which results in better outcomes and a higher return to home rate than the national average.

In fact, our patients and their families give Shepherd Center an average of 96 out of 100 points when asked if they would recommend the facility to anyone in need of rehabilitation services. Make an appointment with our Admissions Department by calling 404-350-7345 to begin the referral process.

Brain Injury Rehabilitation Programs at Shepherd Center

Shepherd Center offers a number of programs that are geared to meet the specific requirements of each client in order to give the greatest possible rehabilitation. Learn more about our brain damage rehabilitation programs by visiting our website:

Inpatient Rehabilitation

Our Acquired Brain Injury (ABI) Inpatient Program takes into account the specifics of each patient’s condition in order to develop a customized treatment plan. We also provide educational training for family members.

Adolescent Program

Our Adolescent Brain Injury Rehabilitation Program is designed to meet the developmental and emotional requirements of patients who have suffered a brain injury while they are still in their adolescence.

Disorders of Consciousness

Patients who are semi-comatose or minimally conscious as a result of a brain injury can benefit from our Disorders of Consciousness (DoC) Program, which is a four- to six-week short-term treatment program.

Residential Program at Shepherd Pathways

During their stay in the Residential Program, patients can get 24-hour assistance in a communal setting, allowing them to continue their brain injury recovery while gaining freedom in their everyday activities.

Day Program at Shepherd Pathways

Shepherd Pathways’ Brain Injury Day Program provides outpatient therapy for people who are learning to reintegrate back into their communities after suffering a brain injury.

Learn About Brain Injury Conditions, Treatment and Care

If you or a loved one is just getting started on the road to recovery following a brain injury, you may have a lot of concerns and questions. We wish to offer you with the information and education you want in order to be appropriately prepared for the challenges of the future. As a result, we’ve developed a list of brain rehabilitation materials that you may use. Learn more about traumatic brain injury (TBI) and its recovery here:

  • In this section, you will learn about the two types of brain injuries and how they are most typically sustained. Learning More About Brain Injury – In this video series, you will learn more about the science of brain injury. How to Select a Rehabilitation Program– Learn the proper questions to ask when selecting a brain rehabilitation program to ensure that it is the best fit for your loved one’s brain injury therapy. Learn more about brain injury-related educational resources for patients, families, and carers at MyShepherdConnection.org
  • Www.braininjury.org

Patient Testimonials that Inspire Hope In our patientStories of Hope. video series, you may hear firsthand tales from former Shepherd Center patients who have suffered a brain injury. Meet Our PhysiciansTake a look at our Physician Profiles to get to know the excellent physical medicine and rehabilitation professionals that provide treatment to patients at Shepherd Center.

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Brain Injury Program Contacts

  • Wes Chay, M.D.Program Director, Graduate Medical EducationStaff Physiatrist
  • Russell Gore, M.D.Medical Director, Vestibular NeurologyDirector, SHARE Military InitiativeDirector, Complex Concussion Clinic
  • Ford Vox, M.D.Medical Director, Disorders of Consciousness ProgramChair, Medical Ethics Committee
  • Wes Chay, M.D.Program Director, Graduate Medical EducationStaff Physiat

Brain Injury Rehabilitation – Spaulding Rehab

A great deal of thought has gone into the development of Spaulding’s Brain Injury Rehabilitation program, with the knowledge that a brain injury may be traumatic for both the sufferer and their family. In order to achieve their goals, we encourage patients to never give up, and to find the fortitude and bravery to continue forward and achieve their full potential. Spaulding is a world-renowned expert in the field of traumatic brain injury who is always pushing the profession ahead. The Discovery Center for Brain Injury and Concussion Recovery at Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital is devoted to the discovery and testing of novel and innovative therapies and treatments for brain injuries.

  1. In its most basic definition, traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a disruption in normal brain function as a consequence of some form of trauma to the head, which might be a jostle, blow to the head, or bump to the head, and-in rare cases-even a piercing head injury.
  2. When it comes to minor traumatic brain injury, the most common side effects include loss of consciousness and a brief change in mental state, but more severe cases might result in lengthy periods of unconsciousness or long-term memory loss following the damage.
  3. Spaulding’s Brain Injury Rehabilitation Centers provide cutting-edge rehabilitative treatment for adults and children who have suffered a traumatic brain injury.
  4. Furthermore, we can help with non-traumatic brain injuries that are caused by sickness, oxygen deprivation, stroke, or any other reason.

In addition to modern evaluation procedures, care and rehabilitation programs that are tailored to a patient’s specific requirements and development, and substantial family and community support, our brain injury rehabilitation services include Our physicians, nurses, therapists, and other professionals are well-versed in evaluating and treating the physical, cognitive, and behavioral repercussions of acquired and traumatic brain injuries, as well as their symptoms.

Brain injury rehabilitation institutes and dedicated professionals are committed to assisting you in returning to a more independent and productive way of life after a brain damage. Your treatment team consists of the following individuals:

  • Occupational and physical therapists, speech-language pathologists, respiratory therapists
  • Neuropsychologists
  • Behavioural psychologists
  • Neuro-psychiatrists
  • Case managers
  • Social workers
  • Therapeutic recreation specialists
  • Music therapists
  • Clinical dieticians
  • Spiritual care
  • Physicians and nurses

Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)

Information about ABI, including prevention, causes of brain injury, and stroke rehabilitation.

What is a Traumatic Brain Injury?

Traumatic brain injury, sometimes known as TBI, is a type of brain injury that occurs suddenly. Falls, motor vehicle accidents, and assaults are the most prevalent causes of traumatic brain injury. When the head is exposed to external pressures, including intense shaking, the brain inside the skull moves as well, increasing the likelihood of brain injury. Mild, moderate, and severe traumatic brain injuries are the three types of traumatic brain injuries. The more serious the brain damage, the greater the number of symptoms and impairments (reduced function) that manifest themselves.

The amount of the damage and severity of the injury will be assessed and graded by medical experts in the immediate aftermath of a traumatic brain injury using scores on the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS), which can be done either at the scene of the incident or in a hospital.

Initial evaluations determine whether or not the wounded individual should be sent to a hospital for further evaluation and treatment.

What appears to be a minor injury – a “bump to the head” – may be fatal if the brain is bleeding unnoticed, so it’s best to be on the safe side and seek medical attention right once.

Initial Prognosis

It is impossible to anticipate a person’s long-term future at the time of the accident or for a length of time following. It is important to remember that the initial severity assessment of a traumatic brain injury is not a reliable indicator of long-term recovery prospects. Everyone’s prognosis is different because of the tremendous complexity of the brain and the numerous variables involved in each damage. In most cases, it takes time to determine the full extent of the effects of a brain injury.

An damaged brain may be enlarged or bleeding, necessitating surgical surgery to repair the damage.

Some brain damage symptoms, such as memory or language issues, as well as changes in personality, may not be immediately apparent after the injury.

This waiting time can be frustrating for families who are looking for answers.

Mild Traumatic Brain Injury

Consciousness-induced concussion is the mildest type of brain damage. The brain can be jostled around inside the skull when the body or head is hit with a bump, blow, or shock, which causes the brain to move rapidly. Concussions are prevalent in sports, especially football. They have the potential to cause a loss of consciousness lasting up to 30 minutes, although they may have no effect on consciousness at all. Frequently, a person appears dazed, but soon gets up and continues. They may not even be aware that they have had a concussion.

Even if there is no loss of consciousness, a mTBI is diagnosed.

There is no standard measurement for concussion, and there is a great deal of variance in how concussions are treated and when they should be treated in order to provide the most possible benefit.

Not every concussion necessitates the need for recovery.

The vast majority do not. However, for individuals who continue to suffer from their symptoms, rehabilitation can teach them solutions and compensations that can make life simpler. Among the signs and symptoms of mild traumatic brain damage are:

  • Dizziness, insomnia, and decreased focus and attention span are all symptoms of depression, anxiety, and mood swings. Impaired balance is often a symptom of depression, anxiety, and mood swings.

Persons who have suffered a mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) typically make a full recovery, although it may take weeks or even months of treatment for some to reach their full potential. Concussions and other kinds of mild traumatic brain damage account for around 75 percent of all traumatic brain injuries. The NFL’s recent focus on concussions has heightened public awareness, and many parents are concerned about their children’s engagement in sports and the possibility of suffering a concussion as a result of this.

There is a growing understanding that many concussions may have a substantial impact on the brain and should be avoided at all costs, particularly for athletes.

Moderate Traumatic Brain Injury

positron emission tomography (PET) of the brain Following a traumatic brain injury or loss of consciousness, it is routine practice in hospitals to scan the brain in order to look for signs of bleeding or other signs of damage. When a mild traumatic brain injury occurs, aberrant CT, PET, or MRI results are typically observed following the damage. The loss of consciousness might have lasted anything from a few minutes to several hours. People who have suffered a mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) typically experience disorientation that lasts for a few days to several weeks.

Patients who have suffered a mild traumatic brain injury often achieve a full recovery with rehabilitation or learn to compensate for their deficiencies successfully over time.

A regular occurrence is the use of rehabilitation services, either inpatient or outpatient.

Severe Traumatic Brain Injury

A severe traumatic brain injury is characterized by a protracted state of unconsciousness or coma that can continue for several days, weeks, or months. Loss of consciousness, nausea, vomiting, lack of coordination, dizziness, difficulties with balance, dilatation of one or more pupils, slurred speech, behavioral or mood abnormalities, loss of coordination, restlessness, and agitation are all possible symptoms of severe traumatic brain damage. Patients who have suffered a severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) can make considerable gains, including returning to a life that is remarkably similar to their previous one.

When a person suffers a serious traumatic brain injury, rehabilitation is nearly always required.

In most cases, the treatment will last around three months, however it may be shorter or longer depending on the individual’s health and rate of development.

Possible Deficits Following Traumatic Brain Injury

TBI patients almost always exhibit some degree of impairment in information processing speed, attention, memory, and executive functioning following their injury (higher level thinking such as planning, problem solving, inhibition, multi-tasking, awareness of deficits, and more).

Injury received in the accident itself might also lead to medical complications that can make the case more difficult to prove. TBI can cause a variety of health issues, including:

  • Seizures, hydrocephalus, cerebrospinal fluid leaks, infections, cranial nerve damage, pain, hypertension, and hormonal abnormalities are all possible consequences. Immune system reaction has been reduced. Sleep difficulties
  • Increased chance of developing a later condition such as Alzheimer’s disease

Treatment of Traumatic Brain Injury

A long-term rehabilitation program that is particularly developed for brain injuries is the recognised therapy and gold standard for dealing with moderate to severe TBI. Patients may appear with a variety of medical problems as a result of the event, including physical injuries (broken bones, skull fracture, and so on) in addition to the brain injury itself. Rehabilitation following a hospitalization Following emergency medical care to stabilize the patient, the next step of recovery is acute-rehabilitation, which begins in the hospital and continues for many weeks.

As soon as the patient is ready to be discharged, the patient enters the next phase of brain injury recovery, which takes place in a specialized institution known as a post-acute rehab facility.

The following are examples of common treatments for traumatic brain injury:

  • Treatment with physical therapy for standing, walking, and mobility issues
  • Occupational therapy is used to help people regain the ability to do activities of daily living (ADLs), such as dressing, bathing, counting money, and maintaining a house. Cognitive behavioral treatment
  • Therapy for speech and language disorders
  • Counseling for adjusting to a new situation and developing emotional control abilities Technology can help people become more independent, such as walkers or wheelchairs, memory aides, and automated processes using software

The good news regarding traumatic brain injury is that it can be treated using evidence-based therapies and training that have been shown to be effective. It is suggested that patients with moderate to severe traumatic brain injuries undergo rehabilitation in order to have the best chance of making a meaningful recovery.

Rehabilitation After a Brain Injury – Fundamentals

If a stroke or traumatic brain injury causes damage to but not destruction of brain tissue, the tissue can eventually regain its function. Recovery might take anywhere from six months to many years, but rehabilitation is possible. Overview of the Rehabilitation Process Rehabilitative services are required by persons who have lost their capacity to function normally, which might occur as a result of a traumatic event such as a car accident or a stroke, an infection, a tumor, surgery, or a degenerative disease.

  • Although brain tissue that has been damaged will never be able to function again, other sections of the brain may be able to learn to perform some of the functions of the destroyed area.
  • It is impossible to anticipate with confidence how much and how fast a person’s function will return.
  • It also aids in the prevention of consequences such as shortened muscles (contractures), weaker muscles, and depressive disorders.
  • Depression is characterized by feelings of melancholy and/or diminished interest or pleasure in activities that, when severe enough, progresses to the level of a disorder.
  • A thorough examination of the individual, which may include psychologic testing, assists the rehabilitation team in determining the nature and degree of the injury.

Success in rehabilitation is dependent on the person’s general health, range of motion, muscle strength, bowel and bladder function, functional ability before the brain injury, social situation, learning ability, motivation and coping skills, as well as their willingness to participate in a rehab program.

  1. Moving the afflicted limbs helps to prevent or cure contractures while also preserving the range of motion in the joints.
  2. Other behaviors, such as moving around in bed, turning, changing positions, and sitting up, are required of the individual.
  3. It is possible that coordination exercises will be required.
  4. If a partly paralyzed arm is being used to do everyday tasks such as eating, cleaning, grooming, writing, and opening doors, the arm that is not being used may be wrapped in a mitt or sling on the other arm.
  5. Some issues caused by brain damage necessitate the use of specialized therapies, such as gait and ambulation training, to improve coordination and balance, to reduce spasticity (the involuntary contraction of muscles), or to compensate for visual or communication impairments.

Occupational therapyOccupational Therapy is a term that refers to the practice of working with one’s hands (OT) As a component of rehabilitation, occupational therapy aims to improve a person’s capacity to do fundamental self-care tasks, as well as to perform valuable job and participate in leisure activities.

  • .read morecoordination may be improved HeatTherapy using heat Pain and inflammation are treated by rehabilitation therapists who are professionals in their field.
  • Cold treatment is one of the techniques that are used.read more Cryotherapy (cold treatment) is used by professional rehabilitation therapists to relieve pain and inflammation in their patients.
  • Among the techniques employed are.read more It is possible that this medication will temporarily relieve muscular stiffness and allow muscles to be stretched.
  • A stroke or any type of brain damage, in particular, concussion Concussion A concussion is a temporary impairment of mental function or degree of consciousness induced by a traumatic brain injury (TBI).
  • additional information, can weaken one’s capacity to reason (cognition).
  • The type of complications that people experience is determined by their injuries.
  • The objectives are to retrain the brain and educate people how to adjust for issues that arise.
  • It is also possible to use verbal, visual, and tactile (touch) clues to assist individuals learn and remember how to do a task.
  • The following is a resource in the English language that may be of assistance.

Please keep in mind that this is the Consumer Version. DOCTORS: THE PROFESSIONAL VERSION CAN BE FOUND BY CLICKING HERE FOR THE PROFESSIONAL VERSION OF 2022, CLICK HERE. Merck SharpDohme Corp., a subsidiary of MerckCo., Inc., Kenilworth, NJ, USA, is a manufacturer of pharmaceutical products.

Traumatic Brain Injury Rehabilitation

When a patient suffers a traumatic brain injury (TBI), the consequences can be felt in every aspect of his or her daily life. Those consequences can endure a lifetime, necessitating the use of specialist treatment to provide the best possible recovery. A traumatic brain injury (TBI) is unlike any other type of body damage, and it heals differently than any other type of injury. Because your brain is the foundation of your identity, a brain injury may have ramifications for many parts of your life, including your personality.

The Baylor ScottWhite Institute for Rehabilitation’s comprehensive continuum of care enables us to fulfill the requirements of our patients at every stage of their recovery, allowing them to achieve the greatest possible level of physical, cognitive, and functional independence.

Despite the fact that not all patients will require every degree of care, all patients have access to a wide range of treatment alternatives.

The importance of psychological and social adaptations cannot be overstated.

Brain Injury Rehabilitation

Thrust injuries to the brain are common in medical conditions (such as an aneurysm) and trauma (such as a fall or automobile accident). While neuro rehab will not be able to restore brain injury, it will be able to assist in removing the obstacles that stand in the way of enjoying the best life possible. Rehab Without Walls ® has been a pioneer in neuro rehabilitation for more than three decades, catering to the specific requirements of those who have suffered an acquired brain injury (ABI) or traumatic brain injury (TBI) (TBI).

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Our approach to brain injury rehabilitation

Based on research, best practices, and our many years of expertise in the field of difficult neurorehabilitation, we have developed an innovative model of treatment for our patients. The model is composed of four major components: Assessment We begin with a thorough evaluation to identify the patient’s present level of functioning, which is divided into three categories:

  • Aspects of the patient’s activities – which tasks the patient can and cannot complete satisfactorily
  • Impairments – the bodily functions that the patient possesses and does not possess
  • Participation – which aspects of everyday life the patient may and cannot participate in

Identifying objectives We collaborate with the patient and family to develop goals that are both ambitious and reasonable in terms of time frames for achieving them. Goals can be useful in their own right. Personal attacks are also possible. Putting together an interdisciplinary team It is critical for several disciplines (physical therapists, vocational counselors, neuropsychologists and others) to collaborate in the treatment of a brain injury since it can influence so many different regions of the body and mind.

Developing and executing a tailored rehabilitation strategy Our brain injury rehabilitation strategies are created specifically for each patient.

Someone who works in an office, for example, may need to retrain their fine motor skills on a computer. In its simplest form, it refers to returning to a normal life as fully and independently as possible after a sickness or disability.

Where we provide brain injury rehabilitation

We provide brain injury programs in three types of treatment settings: inpatient, outpatient, and rehabilitative.

  • Facilities for adults that provide 24-hour care as well as intensive neurorehabilitation therapy for patients on the road to recovery are known as residential treatment centers. More information about our residential facilities may be found here. Children’s residential school – a residential school for children. The Texas Hill Country Schoolprovides brain injury and autism services to children and adolescents ages 6 to 22 who have suffered a brain injury or have autism. In this approach, therapy takes place in the patient’s home, at work, in school, or somewhere else in the patient’s community. It is appropriate for both adults and children. More information on in-home and community rehabilitation
  • Outpatient neurorehabilitation (for both adults and children) – In selected locations, we provide both individual and group sessions in fully equipped rehabilitation centers with the latest technology. Find out more about outpatient neurorehabilitation.
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Let us discuss how Rehab Without Walls can be of assistance to you. Please get in touch with us.

Traumatic Brain Injury Rehabilitation

The most recent update was made on January 27, 2022. Our outpatient clinics, as well as our physician medical group, are all able to provide in-person and telehealth visits to their patients. If you need to schedule an outpatient appointment, please call our Central Intake Unit at (904) 345-7277. Please contact Brooks Medical Group by phone at (904) 345-7373. The brain is highly complex, and we know that a brain damage will have a distinct effect on each individual. As a result, at Brooks Rehabilitation, we provide each patient with a personalized care plan that is tailored to his or her exact requirements and goals.

We specialize in providing personalized, focused rehabilitation care plans and interventions that are based on the most cutting-edge, scientifically backed therapies currently accessible.

Why Choose Brooks?

Brooks Rehabilitation is a national leader in delivering high-quality treatment to patients across the continuum of care in our healthcare system. In acknowledgment of our dedication to offering cutting-edge technology, forward-thinking research, and ongoing education and training, we have earned many awards. Through our Brooks system of care, we assist more than 700 patients* who have suffered traumatic brain injury (TBI) and their families in achieving their goals and rebuilding their lives each year.

  • Our team comprises qualified brain injury experts as well as a cognitive therapist who is board certified.
  • Our technologies and treatment approaches have been refined over the course of 50 years.
  • The depth and breadth of services available at Brooks means that patients receive highly tailored care.
  • If they wish to go back behind the wheel, we can assist them.

Brooks Brain Injury Rehabilitation Programs

At Brooks, our dedication to our patients defines who we are as a company. We go above and beyond to ensure that each patient and their caregivers/family members are well taken care of, both in terms of non-TBI and TBI therapy, as well as in terms of their overall well-being as a whole person. Our collaborations with the community enable us to provide treatment that is tailored to the individual requirements and constraints of each patient. Brooks donates roughly $10 million in charitable contributions every year.

Our team is incomplete without the participation of a patient’s family and carers, which we feel is essential.

We show critical care skills, provide important information, and finally meet with the patient’s loved ones where they are to enable a smooth transfer back home when the time is appropriate.

Disorders of Consciousness

It is a short-term specialized program for patients who present with reduced or minimum consciousness. The Disorders of Consciousness (DOC) program is developed for patients who present with limited or little consciousness. In contrast to the traditional rehabilitation procedure, which often needs a patient to be able to interact and follow directions, this approach allows for full examinations and therapy for this specific demographic early in the process. During the DoC program, a patient will have a full team examination, which will be guided by a neuropsychologist and will be performed with the help of cognitive therapists, physiatrists, physical, speech, and occupational therapists, among other professionals.

A patient enrolled in the DoC program will get specialized treatments, drugs, and stimulation that are intended to aid in the rehabilitation process.

It is considered “emergence from DoC” if the patient advances throughout that time period and can display consistent and intentional involvement with the environment, such as by utilizing simple items or responding to messages or orders, it is considered “emergence from DoC.” In this state, the patient would be able to communicate with his or her therapist, albeit at a mediocre level, and would become a candidate for typical brain damage rehabilitation.

Whether a patient emerges or does not emerge within the allocated duration does not always indicate that the patient has stopped advancing or will not emerge at a later time.

In order to thoroughly teach and equip patient families and caregivers to care for their loved ones at home, as well as to notice progress and possible emergence in themselves, a significant portion of the DoC program is devoted to this goal.

Brain Injury Day Treatment Program

A rehabilitation program for people with brain injuries is available at Brooks Brain Injury Day Treatment, which helps them transition from an inpatient setting to their own homes. This program aids with the transition from acute care or inpatient rehabilitation to the comfort of one’s own home. It was developed to assist patients in improving their cognitive/thinking capacities, communication ability, social skills, and emotional stability, all as they continue to rebuild their physical capabilities.

“I have nothing but positive things to say about my overall experience.

My staff was supportive and provided me with the knowledge I required.

It is likely that I will be successful in the future because I have already achieved success at Brooks.” — A participant in the Brain Injury Day Treatment Program Care begins with a complete neurobehavioral status assessment or a neuropsychological examination to establish the intensity and duration of treatment that would be most useful.

  1. Rehabilitation therapy services such as physical, occupational, and speech therapy, together with psychological counseling and biofeedback, are delivered in a combination of small-group and individual sessions.
  2. to 3:30 p.m., the program is open to the public.
  3. The group-based treatments are at the heart of the program’s offerings, and they create an enriched environment that promotes brain repair and neuroplasticity in participants (neurological compensation of the brain).
  4. The treatment team meets once a week to discuss its objectives and progress toward those objectives.

“The day therapy program was the most beneficial element of my recovery.” This training has significantly enhanced my attentiveness, movement, and a variety of other abilities.” — A participant in the Brain Injury Day Treatment Program In addition, there is a continuum of treatment available through the program.

Depending on his or her requirements, a patient can begin the program at any point along the process. A self-rating technique was used to determine whether or not participants in this program assessed themselves as considerably better than they were before to participating.

Neuro Recovery Centers

NRC is a state-of-the-art rehabilitation clinic that provides specialized equipment for tailored rehabilitation both during and after typical treatment sessions. It is possible for patients to continue regular training and conditioning in this unique gym, which helps them maintain and enhance functional movement and abilities. In addition to having unlimited access to our cutting-edge technologies, members can use the gym up to six days per week. The following physical therapy technologies were used:

  • Aquatic treatment
  • Wheelchair assessments
  • Zero G treadmill
  • Body weight supported treadmill
  • FES elliptical
  • Motorized elliptical
  • Bioness L300

Independent program equipment and services are available, including:

  • Cycling on the FES cycle
  • Armeo spring
  • Bioness H200
  • Sabeo glove
  • Diego
  • Amadeo
  • Circuit training
  • Personal training
  • Aquatics

Aphasia Center

It is the mission of the Brooks Rehabilitation Aphasia Center (BRAC) to assist individuals suffering from aphasia in achieving the best possible level of rehabilitation and engagement in their lives. People who are afflicted by aphasia, as well as their families and communication partners, may get assistance, education and training at the Aphasia Center in a fun and exciting setting. Depending on the requirements of the patients and their families, the clinic offers a variety of programs.

Adaptive Sports and Recreation

Brooks Rehabilitation provides one of the most extensive and diversified adapted sports and leisure programs available anywhere in the United States. Individuals with physical and/or visual disabilities of all ages and abilities can participate in our program, which offers possibilities for recreation, fitness, and companionship. Our programs provide the necessary social interaction and physical exercise that are necessary for promoting health, well-being, and overall quality of life. Individuals can participate in team and individual activities throughout the year, whether for leisure or competitive purposes.

Brooks Clubhouse

Another excellent resource is the Brooks Brain Injury Clubhouse, which serves as a post-discharge facility for people who have suffered a brain injury. This community benefit program provides a safe environment for social contact, allowing patients and their families to connect with others who are going through similar experiences.


All of our brain injury treatment regimens are customized to match the specific requirements and goals of each patient and family member. Our treatment programs assist patients in transitioning from one care environment to another by utilizing the most up-to-date, state-of-the-art equipment and cutting-edge, clinically validated technology. Our specialists are committed to assisting patients in achieving the maximum degree of recovery and involvement in life possible via the use of the most advanced treatment methods currently accessible.

  • At Brooks Rehabilitation, we understand that neuro-healing takes time and effort, which is why our objective is to provide therapy in an inpatient rehabilitation setting that may be continued while you or your family members advance through their recovery. Our Hybrid Program, which is meant to bridge the gap between inpatient rehabilitation and outpatient rehabilitation by providing organized cognitive and exercise-based activities, is designed to assist with this. Treatment for non-TBI and traumatic brain injury (TBI) involves three hours of therapy each day at the outset. Neuro-rehabilitation, on the other hand, is most effective when the therapy is more rigorous and is tied back to activities that patients like. In addition to the usual daily treatment they get, individuals who participate in the Hybrid Program can intensify therapy and drive their own recovery in order to achieve their specific goals. When patients use the FES bike, they may exercise their muscles even if they have little or no muscular control owing to a brain damage because of the functional electrical stimulation of their peripheral nerves in conjunction with the programmed movement of the bike. Using a body harness that is worn by the patient and suspended from the ceiling, as well as a body weight support device, this technique supports the patient’s weight. Using body weight support, a patient’s weight may be offloaded by the device, allowing for more strenuous tasks such as walking, leaping, and squatting to be performed in an appropriate context. Computer and tablet-based Cognitive Lab featuring interactive software and applications to test, enhance, and challenge cognitive and communication abilities. The term “circuit training” refers to a mix of strength, balance, and endurance workouts that are individually prescribed to aid in the healing of the brain following a traumatic brain injury. Exoskeletons are robotic devices worn by patients that aid them in walking by giving mechanical support. Following a brain injury, this aid enables patients to take larger, more consistent steps, which helps to expedite motor learning and recovery. To allow for early mobility in an upright posture, the Erigo blends progressive verticalization with cyclic leg movement and loading to provide a stable platform for early mobility. The ErigoPro uses synchronized functional electrical stimulation (FES) to increase the amount of activity in the brain. As a safe alternative for early mobilization, the Erigo mitigates the harmful consequences of immobility and speeds up the healing process through intensive sensory stimulation.

Our Patients

At Brooks Rehabilitation, we specialize in the treatment of people who have suffered exceedingly difficult acquired brain injuries. Our carefully trained team and state-of-the-art technology will work together to ensure that our patients achieve the best possible results. On our brain injury floor, we care for patients who are advancing through various stages of rehabilitation, from a minimally conscious condition to a highly functioning and engaging state with their environment. We recognize that every brain injury is unique, and we work closely with patients and their families to establish a tailored treatment strategy that will provide the best possible results for each patient.

Tyler Woodard is a young man who grew up in a little town in the state of Texas. Sara Beth is a woman who lives in the United States. John Kinsler is a well-known author. Ryan Boyd is an American football player who plays for the Los Angeles Lakers. Catie Stillwell is a model and actress. Dakota

Expert Brain Injury Team

When it comes to brain injury rehabilitation, our highly educated and physician-led staff recognizes that healing entails learning to live with newfound independence. Our clinicians are nationally and internationally regarded as thought leaders in their fields, routinely doing research and presenting at conferences across the world. We also provide continuous training to all of our clinicians, which is provided by the Brooks Institute of Higher Learning. We are proud to offer world-class educational opportunities to the local and regional healthcare community, as well as a nationally known clinical residency program, to our students.

Medical Reviewer

Dr. Ngo is a Board-Certified Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation specialist with a speciality board certification in Brain Injury Medicine. He has been with Brooks Rehabilitation since its founding in 2010. Patient care for patients with complicated, catastrophic neurological and other brain injuries is provided by Dr. Ngo in both the inpatient and outpatient settings, spanning the complete spectrum of brain injury rehabilitation.

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